Treaty with The Wyandot
January 19, 1832
Articles of agreement and convention made and concluded
at McCutcheonsville, Crawford county, Ohio, on the nineteenth
day of January, 1832, by and between James B. Gardiner, specially
appointed commissioner on the part of the United States, and
the Chiefs, Headmen and Warriors of the band of Wyandots,
residing at the Big Spring in said county of Crawford, and
owning a reservation of 16,000 acres at that place.
WHEREAS the said band of Wyandots have become fully convinced
that, whilst they remain in their present situation in the
State of Ohio, in the vicinity of a white population, which
is continually increasing and crowding around them, they cannot
prosper and be happy, and the morals of many of their people
will be daily becoming more and more vitiated - And understanding
that the Government of the United States is willing to purchase
the reservation of land on which they reside, and for that
purpose have deputed the said James B. Gardiner as special
commissioner to treat for a cession for the same: - Therefore,
to effect the aforesaid objects, the said Chiefs, Headmen
and Warriors, and the said James B. Gardiner, have this day
entered into and agreed upon the following articles of convention.
The band of Wyandots residing at the Big Spring in the county
of Crawford, and State of Ohio, do hereby forever cede and
relinquish to the United States the reservation of sixteen
thousand acres of land, granted to them by the second article
of the treaty made at St. Mary's, on the seventeenth
day of September, eighteen hundred and eighteen, which grant
is in the following words, to wit: "There shall be reserved
for the use of the Wyandots residing at Solomon's town
and on Blanchard's fork sixteen thousand acres of land,
to be laid off in a square form, on the head of Blanchard's
fork, the centre of which shall be at the Big spring, on the
road leading from Upper Sandusky to Fort Findlay."
The United States stipulate with the said band of Wyandots
that, as soon as practicable after the ratification of this
treaty, the aforesaid tract of sixteen thousand acres shall
be surveyed into sections and put into market and sold in
the ordinary manner of selling the public lands of the United
States; and when the same shall be sold, or as soon as any
part thereof shall be disposed of, (be the price received
therefore more or less) there shall be paid to the chiefs,
headmen and warriors, signing this treaty, for the benefit
of all the said band of Wyandots, the sum of one dollar and
twenty-five cents per acre for each and every acre so sold
or for sale. The said price shall be paid in silver, and in
the current coin of the United States.
For the improvements now made upon said reservation the United
States agree to pay a fair valuation in money, according to
the appraisement of Joseph McCutcheon, Esq. (or such person
as the Secretary of War may depute for that purpose) and an
appraiser to be chosen by the said band of Wyandots. And in
case the said appraisers shall not be able to agree upon any
of their valuations, they shall call to their assistance some
competent citizen of the county of Crawford.
There shall [be] reserved for Roe-nu-nas, one of the oldest
chiefs of said band, one half section, to contain three hundred
and twenty acres, and to include the improvements where he
It is expressly understood between the present contracting
parties, that the said band of Wyandots may, as they think
proper, remove to Canada, or to the river Huron in Michigan,
where they own a reservation of land, or to any place they
may obtain a right or privilege from others Indians to go.
Inasmuch as the band of Wyandots, herein treating, have separated
themselves from the Wyandots at Upper Sandusky and on the
Sandusky plains, they ask of the General Government that there
may be a special sub-agent and protector appointed for them
whilst they remain in the State of Ohio, and they respectfully
recommend Joseph McCutcheon, Esq. of the county of Crawford,
as a fit and proper person to act in such capacity; and that
he may have the power to employ such interpreter as he may
think proper in his intercourse with said band.
The aforesaid articles of agreement shall be mutually binding
upon the present contracting parties, when ratified by the
President of the United States, by and with the consent of
the Senate thereof.
- J. B. Gardiner, [L. S.]
- Roe-nu-nas, his x mark,
- Bear-skin, his x mark,
- Shi-a-wa, or John Solomon, his x mark,
- John McLean, his x mark,
- Matthew Grey Eyes, his x mark,
- Isaac Driver, his x mark,
- John D. Brown,
- Alex. Clarke.
Done in presence of -
- C. Clarke, Secretary to the Commissioner,
- Joseph McCutcheon, justice of the peace in the county of Crawford, Ohio,
- John C. Dewit,
- Richard Reynolds,
- G. W. Sampson.
In the first draft of this treaty, provision was made for
the removal of the band west of the Mississippi, but they
refused to accept of a grant of land, or to remove there,
and the articles having relation thereto were accordingly
omitted. It was therefore necessary to omit the 6th article;
and circumstances did not admit of time to remodel and copy
the whole treaty.
- J. B. GARDINER, Special Commissioner, &e.
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