Treaty with The Winnebago
October 13, 1846
Articles of a treaty made and concluded at the city of
Washington, on the thirteenth day of October, in the year
one thousand eight hundred and forty-six, between the United
States, of the one part, by their commissioners, Albion K.
Parris, John J. Abert, and T. P. Andrews, and the Winnebago
tribe of Indians, of the other part, by a full delegation
of said tribe, specially appointed by the chiefs, head-men,
and warriors thereof.
It is solemnly agreed that the peace and friendship which
exist between the people of the United States and the Winnebago
Indians shall be perpetual; the said tribe of Indians giving
assurance, hereby, of fidelity and friendship to the Government
and people of the United States, and the United States giving
to them, at the same time, promise of all proper care and
The said tribe of Indians hereby agree to cede and sell,
and do hereby cede and sell, to the United States, all right,
title, interest, claim, and privilege, to all lands, wherever
situated, now or heretofore occupied or claimed by said Indians,
within the States and Territories of the United States, and
especially to the country now occupied, inhabited, or in any
way used by them, called the "neutral ground," which
tract of country was assigned to said Indians by the second
article of the treaty of Fort Armstrong, concluded on the
fifteenth day of September, 1832, and ratified on the thirteenth
day of February following.
In consideration of the foregoing purchase from, or cession
by, the said Indians, the United States hereby agree to purchase
and give to the said Indians as their home, to be held as
all Indians' lands are held, a tract of country north
of St. Peter's and west of the Mississippi Rivers, of
not less than eight hundred thousand acres, which shall be
suitable to their habits, wants, and wishes: Provided, Such
land can be obtained on just and reasonable terms.
The United States agree to pay to said tribe of Indians the
sum of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars for the land,
and the sum of forty thousand dollars for release of hunting
privileges, on the lands adjacent to their present home, making
the sum of one hundred and ninety thousand dollars, being
in further consideration of the cession or sale made to the
United States by the second article of this treaty; to be
paid as follows: Forty thousand dollars to enable them to
comply with their present just engagements, and to cover the
expenses of exploring and selecting (by their own people,
or by an agent of their own appointment) their new home; twenty
thousand dollars in consideration of their removing themselves,
and twenty thousand dollars in consideration of their subsisting
themselves the first year after their removal; ten thousand
dollars to be expended for breaking up and fencing lands,
under the direction of the President of the United States,
at their new home; ten thousand dollars to be set apart and
applied, under the direction of the President, to the creation
and carrying on of one or more manual-labor schools for the
benefit of said tribe of Indians; and five thousand dollars
for building a saw and grist mill. The balance of said sum
of one hundred and ninety thousand dollars, viz, eighty-five
thousand dollars, to remain in trust with the United States,
and five per cent. interest thereon to be paid annually to
said tribe, or applied for their benefit, as the President
of the United States may from time to time direct, for the
period of thirty years, which shall be in full payment of
the said balance: Provided, That no part of the said consideration
moneys shall be paid until after the arrival of said tribe
of Indians at their new home, and appropriations shall have
been made by Congress: and that the sums for meeting their
present engagements, for removal and subsistence, and for
exploring their new home, shall be paid to the chiefs in open
council, in such a manner as they in said council shall request.
It is further agreed by the parties to this treaty that the
said tribe of Indians shall remove to their new home within
one year after the ratification of this treaty, and their
new home shall have been procured for them, and they duly
notified of the same.
It is further agreed by the parties to this treaty, that
the President may, at his discretion, (should he at any time
be of opinion that the interest of the Indians would be thereby
promoted,) direct that any portion of the money, not exceeding
ten thousand dollars per annum, now paid in goods, as provided
for by the last clause of the fourth article of the treaty
of the first of November, 1837, be applied to the purchase
of additional provisions, or to other purposes.
In testimony whereof, the Commissioners, Albion K. Parris,
John J. Albert, and T. P. Andrews, and the undersigned Chiefs,
Head Men, and Delegates, of the Winnebago Tribe of Indians,
have hereunto subscribed their names and affixed their seals,
at the City of Washington, this thirteenth day of October,
one thousand eight hundred and forty-six.
- Albion K. Parris,
- John J. Abert,
- T. P. Andrews,
- Watch-ha-ta-kaw, (by Henry M. Rice, his delegate).
- John C. Mullay, secretary to board of commissioners.
- J. E. Fletcher, subagent.
- S. B. Lowry,
- Peter Mananaige,
- Antoine Grignon,
- Simeon Lecure,
- H. L. Dousman,
- Richard Chute,
- John Haney,
- George Cahn,
- James Maher.
(To each of the names of the Indians are affixed a seal and mark.)
Don't forget to check out our Native American Jewelry and Turquoise Jewelry.