Treaty with The Winnebago
June 3, 1816
A treaty of peace and friendship made and concluded between
William Clark, Ninian Edwards, and Auguste Chouteau, commissioners
plenipotentiary of the United States of America, on the part
and behalf of the said states, of the one part, and the undersigned
chiefs and warriors of that portion of the Winnebago tribe
or nation residing on the Ouisconsin river, of the other part.
Whereas the undersigned chiefs and warriors, as well as that
portion of the nation which they represent, have separated
themselves from the rest of their nation, and reside in a
village on the Ouisconsin river, and are desirous of returning
to a state of friendly relations with the United States, the
parties hereto have agreed to the following articles.
Every injury or act of hostility, committed by one or either
of the contracting parties against the other, shall be mutually
forgiven and forgot; and all the friendly relations that existed
between them before the late war, shall be, and the same are
The undersigned chiefs and warriors, for themselves and those
they represent, do by these presents, confirm to the United
States all and every cession of land heretofore made by their
nation to the British, French, or Spanish government, within
the limits of the United States, or their territories; and
also, all and every treaty, contract, and agreement, heretofore
concluded between the United States and the said tribe or
nation, as far as their interest in the same extends.
The undersigned chiefs and warriors as aforesaid, for themselves
and those they represent, do hereby acknowledge themselves
to be under the protection of the United States, and of no
other nation, power, or sovereign, whatsoever.
The aforesaid chiefs and warriors, for themselves and those
they represent, do further promise to remain distinct and
separate from the rest of their tribe or nation, giving them
no aid or assistance whatever, until peace shall also be concluded
between the United States and the said tribe or nation.
The contracting parties do hereby agree, promise, and oblige
themselves, reciprocally, to deliver up all prisoners now
in their hands (by what means soever the same may have come
into their possession) to the officer commanding at Prairie
du Chien, to be by him restored to the respective parties
hereto, as soon as it may be practicable.
In witness whereof, the commissioners aforesaid, and the
undersigned chiefs and warriors as aforesaid, have hereunto
subscribed their names, and affixed their seals, this third
day of June, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred
and sixteen, and of the independence of the United States,
- William Clark, [L. S.]
- Ninian Edwards, [L. S.]
- Aug. Chouteau, [L. S.]
- Choukeka, or Dekare, the Spoon, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Onunaka, or Karamanu, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Achahouska, the White Sky, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Chenapinka, the Good House, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Makamka, the Earth, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Wechoka, the Green Feather, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Shougkapar, the Dog, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Nekousaa, the Main Channel, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Wapanoneker, the Bear, his mark, [L. S.]
- Opwarchickwaka, the Rain, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Chepurganika, the little Buffalo Head, his x mark, [L. S.]
Done at St. Louis, in the presence of -
- R. Wash, secretary to the commission,
- R. Paul, C. T. of the C.
- Wm. O. Allen, captain U. S. Corps of Artillery,
- N. Boilvin, agent,
- Thomas Forsyth, Indian agent,
- Maurice Blondeaux, Indian agent,
- Henry Delorier, interpreter,
- Pierre Lapointe, interpreter,
- Baptiste Pereault, interpreter,
- Samuel Solomon, interpreter,
- Jacques Mette, interpreter.
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