Native American Indians. First People of America. First People of Canada. First People of Turtle Island. Native American Art. Native American Legends. Free Native American Clipart.
First People :: Treaties and Agreements

Treaty with The Stockbridge Tribe

November 24, 1848

WHEREAS by an act of Congress entitled "An act for the relief of the Stockbridge tribe of Indians, in the Territory of Wisconsin," approved on the third day of March, A. D. 1843, it was provided that the township of land on the east side of Winnebago Lake, secured to said tribe by the treaty with the Menomonee Indians of February 8th, 1831, as amended by the Senate of the United States, and not heretofore ceded by said tribe to the United States, should be divided and allotted among the individual members of said tribe, by commissioners to be elected for that purpose, who were to make report of such division and allotment, and thereupon the persons composing said tribe were to become citizens of the United States.

And whereas a portion of said tribe refused to recognize the validity of said act of Congress, or the proceedings which were had under it, or to be governed by its provisions, and upon their petition a subsequent act was passed by the Congress of the United States, on the 6th day of August, 1846, repealing the said act of March 3d, 1843, and providing, among other things, that such of said tribe as should enroll themselves with the subagent of Indians affairs at Green Bay, should be and remain citizens of the United States, and the residue of said tribe were restored to their ancient form of government as an Indian tribe. It was also provided that the said township of land should be divided into two districts, one of which was to be known as the "Indian district," the other as the "citizen district;" the former to be held in common by the party who did not desire citizenship, and the latter to be divided and allotted among such as were citizens and desired to remain so.

And whereas it has been found impracticable to carry into full effect the provisions of the act of August 6th, 1846, by dividing the said township of land in the manner specified in said act, without infringing upon private rights acquired in good faith under the act of 1843 hereinbefore referred to, with a view of relieving both the Indian and citizen parties of said Stockbridge tribe of Indians from their present embarrassments, and to secure to each their just rights, articles of agreement and compromise have been entered into, as follows:

Articles of agreement and treaty made and concluded at Stockbridge, in the State of Wisconsin, on the 24th day of November, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty-eight, by and between the undersigned, acting commissioners on the part of the United States of America, and the Stockbridge tribe of Indians.

Article 1.

The said Stockbridge tribe of Indians renounce an participation in any of the benefits or privileges granted or conferred by the act of Congress entitled "An act for the relief of the Stockbridge tribe of Indians, in the Territory of Wisconsin," approved March 3, 1843, and relinquish all rights secured by said act; and they do hereby acknowledge and declare themselves to be under the protection and guardianship of the United States, as other Indian tribes.

Article 2.

That no misunderstanding may exist, now or hereafter, in determining who compose said tribe and are parties hereto, it is agreed that a roll or census shall be taken and appended to this agreement, and in like manner taken annually hereafter, and returned to the Secretary of the War Department of the United States, containing the names of all such as are parties hereto, and to be known and recognized as the Stockbridge tribe of Indians, who shall each be entitled to their due proportion of the benefits to be derived from the provisions made for their tribe by this and former agreements; and whenever any of them shall separate themselves from said tribe, or abandon the country which may be selected for their future home, the share or portion of such shall cease, and they shall forfeit all claims to be recognized as members of said tribe.

Article 3.

The said Stockbridge tribe of Indians hereby sell and relinquish to the United States the township of land on the east side of Lake Winnebago, (granted and secured to said tribe by the treaty with the Menomonee tribe of Indians of February 8, 1831, as amended by the resolution of the Senate of the United States,) and situated in the State of Wisconsin.

Article 4.

The said township of land shall be surveyed into lots, in conformity with the plan adopted by the commissioners elected under the act of March 3, 1843, and such of said lands as were allotted by said commissioners to members of said tribe who have become citizens of the United States (a schedule of which is hereunto annexed) are hereby confirmed to such individuals respectively, and patents therefor shall be issued by the United States. The residue of said lands belonging to the United States shall be brought into market but shall not be sold at less than the appraised value, unless the Senate of the United States shall otherwise determine.

Article 5.

In consideration of the cession and relinquishment hereinbefore made by the said Stockbridge tribe of Indians, it is agreed that the United States shall pay to said tribe, within six months after the ratification of this agreement, the sum of sixteen thousand five hundred dollars, to enable them to settle their affairs, obtain necessaries, and make provision for establishing themselves in a new home.

Article 6.

The United States shall also pay to said tribe, within six months after the ratification of this agreement, the sum of fourteen thousand five hundred and four dollars and eighty-five cents, being the appraised value of their improvements upon the lands herein ceded and relinquished to the United States, and to be paid to the individuals claiming said improvements according to the schedule and assessment herewith transmitted.

Article 7.

It is further stipulated and agreed that the said Stockbridge tribe may remain upon the lands they now occupy for one year after the ratification of this agreement, and that they will remove to the country set apart for them, or such other west of the Mississipi River as they may be able to secure, where all their treaty stipulations with the Government shall be carried into effect.

Article 8.

Whenever the said Stockbridge tribe shall signify their wish to emigrate, the United States will defray the expenses of their removal west of the Mississippi and furnish them with subsistence for one year after their arrival at their new home.

Article 9.

It is further stipulated and agreed, that, for the purpose of making provision for the rising generation of said tribe, the sum of sixteen thousand five hundred dollars shall be invested by the United States in stock, bearing an interest of not less than five per cent. per annum, the interest of which shall be paid annually to said tribe, as other annuities are paid by the United States.

Article 10.

It is agreed that nothing herein shall prevent a survey of said lands, at any time after the ratification of this agreement, and that said tribe shall commit no waste or do unnecessary damage upon the premises occupied by them.

Article 11.

The United States will pay the expenses incurred by the sachem and head-men, amounting to three thousand dollars, in attending to the business of said tribe since the year 1843.

Article 12.

This agreement to be binding and obligatory upon the contracting parties from and after its ratification by the Government of the United States.

In witness whereof, the said commissioners, and the sachem, councillors, and headmen of said tribe, have hereunto set their hands and seals, the day and year above written.

  • Morgan L. Martin, [L. S.]
  • Albert G. Ellis, [L. S.]
  • Augustin E. Quinney, sachem, [L. S.] Zeba T. Peters, [L. S.]
  • Peter D. Littleman
  • * Abram Pye, [L. S.] Councillors. [L. S.]
  • Joseph M. Quinney, [L. S.]
  • Samuel Stephens, [L. S.]
  • Jeremiah Slingerland, [L. S.]
  • * Benjamin Pye, 2d, [L. S.]
  • Simon S. Metoxen, [L. S.]
  • Daniel Metoxen, [L. S.]
  • * Moses Charles, [L. S.]
  • * Benjamin Pye, 3d, [L. S.]
  • * Jacob Jehoiakim, [L. S.]
  • John Metoxen, [L. S.]
  • John W. Quinney,
  • Samuel Miller, [L. S.] Councillors. [L. S.]
  • * David Palmer, [L. S.]
  • Ezekiel Ribinson, [L. S.]
  • * James Joshua, [L. S.]
  • * Garrett Thompson, [L. S.]
  • * Laurens Yocron, [L. S.]
  • * Thomas Schanandoah, [L. S.]
  • * John W. Quinney, jr., [L. S.]
  • * Nicolas Palmer, [L. S.]
  • John P. Quinney, [L. S.]
  • * Washington Quinney, [L. S.]
  • * Aaron Turkey. [L. S.]

To each of the names of the Indians marked with an asterisk is affixed his mark.

In presence of -

  • Charles A. Grignon, U. S. Interpreter.
  • Lemuel Goodell,
  • Eleazer Williams,
  • Charles Poreuninozer.


Whereas the Stockbridge and Munsee Indians consider that they have a claim against the United States for indemnity for certain lands on White River in the State of Indiana, and for certain other lands in the State of Wisconsin, which they allege they have been deprived of by treaties entered into with the Miamies and Delawares, or to the lands claimed by them in Indiana, and with the Menomonees and Winnebagoes, or to the lands in Wisconsin, without their consent; and whereas the said Stockbridge and Munsee Indians, by their chiefs and agents, have continued to prosecute their said claims during the last twenty years at their own expense, except the sum of three thousand dollars paid them in 1821; and whereas it is desirable that all ground of discontent on the part of said Indians shall be removed, the United States do further stipulate, in consideration of the relinquishment by them of said claims, and all other, except as provided in this treaty, to pay the sachems or chiefs of said Indians, on the ratification of this article by them, with the assent of their people, the sum of five thousand dollars, and the further sum of twenty thousand dollars, to be paid in ten annual instalments, to commence when the said Indians shall have selected and removed to their new homes, as contemplated by the seventh article of this treaty.

The President of the United States, within two years from the ratification of this treaty, shall procure for the use of said Stockbridge Indians a quantity of land west of the Mississippi River, upon which they shall reside, not less than seventy-two sections, said Indians to be consulted as to the location of said land, and to be holden by the same tenure as other Indian lands.

Roll or census of the Stockbridge tribe of Indians, taken in conformity with the provisions of the second article of the within agreement.

Heads of families Male. Female. Boys. Girls. Total
Austin E. Quinney 1 1 3 4 9
John Metoxen 1     1 2
Benjamin Pye, sen 1 1   1 3
Garret Thompson 1 1 2   4
Elisha Konkapot 1 1 1   3
John W. Quinney 1       1
John P. Quinney 1 1 1   3
Peter D. Littleman 1 1 1 2 5
Jonas Thompson 1 1 1 1 4
James Joshua 1       1
Joseph M. Quinney 1 1 2 1 5
Simon L. Metoxen 1 1 2 5 9
Benjamin Pye, 2d 1 1 1 3 6
Thomas Schenandoah 1 1     1
Aaron Turkey 1 1 2 2 6
Abram Pye 1 1 4 1 7
Benjamin Pye, 4th 1 1   1 3
Moses Charles 1 1 1 1 4
Benjamin Doxtater 1 1 1 1 4
Benjamin Pye, 3d 1 1 1 1 4
Eli Williams 1       1
David Palmer 1 1 1   3
Jacob Konkapot 1 1   1 3
Daniel Metoxen 1 1     2
Elizabeth Palmer (widow)   1 1 1 3
Elizabeth Aaron   1 1 2 4
Catharine Butterfield   1   1 2
Samuel Miller 1 1 4 2 8
Louisa Jamison   1     1
Jacob Jahoicum 1       1
Anna Turkey   1     1
Jeremiah Slingerland 1   3   4
John Yocum 1 1   2 4
Elizabeth Wilber   1 1 3 5
John W. Quinney, jr., and sister 1 1     2
Clarissa Miller and son 1 1     2
Elizabeth Pye   1   1 2
Phoebe S. Ricket   1     1
Josiah Abrams, wife, and sister 1 2     3
Jeremiah Bennet 1 2   2 5
Paul Pye 1 1 1   3
Peter Bennet 1       1
Ziba T. Peters 1 1 2   4
Ezekiel Robinson and brother     2   2
Lawrence Yocum 1       1
Moses Doxtater 1     1 2
Lucinda Quinney   1 2 1 4
Jemima Doxtater   1     1
Amelia Quinney   1 1   2
Peter Bennet, sen 1 1 1 3 6
John Bennet 1 1 1 1 4
Levi Konkapot 1       1
Samuel Stevens 1       1
John Killsnake 1       1
Lewis Hendricks 1       1
Diana Davids 1 1     1
  • M. L. Martin,
  • Albert G. Ellis,
  • Austin E. Quinney.
  • Stockbridge, November 24, 1848.
  • John Metoxen,
  • John W. Quinney,
  • Samuel Miller,
  • Ziba T. Peters,
  • Peter D. Littleman,
  • Abram Pye,
  • Joseph M. Quinney,
  • Samuel Stephens,
  • Jeremiah Slingerland,
  • Benjamin Pye, 2d,
  • Simon S. Metoxen,
  • Daniel Metoxen,
  • Moses Charles,
  • Benjamin Pye, 3d,
  • Jacob Jehoiakim,
  • David Palmer,
  • Ezekiel Robinson,
  • James Joshua,
  • Garret Thompson,
  • Laurens Yocum,
  • Thomas Schanandoah,
  • Joshua W. Quinney, jr.,
  • Nicholas Palmer,
  • John P. Quinney,
  • Washington Quinney,
  • Aaron Turkey.

Schedule of lands to be patented to individuals under the 4th article of the above agreement.

Names. No. of lot. No. of acres.
Josiah Chicks 1
Nancy Chicks 2
John N. Chicks 4
Jacob Davids 5
Harvey Johnson 8
Hannah P. Chicks 10
Dindemia, Big Deer 1/3 E. end 14 22.66
Puella Jourdain 16
Jacobs Chicks 17
John N. Chicks 18
Josiah Chicks 20
Jacob Chicks 21
Jos. L. Chicks 22
Jacob Chicks 23
John N. Chicks 24
Moses E. Merrill 25, 26, 27
John N. Chicks 28, 29
Jane Dean 30
Mariette Abrams 31
Catharine Mills N 1/2 32 30.62
Joseph L. Chicks 33
John Dick 37
John More 38
Isaac Jocobs 40
Benjamin Welch 31
Lucy Jacobs 44
Daniel Davids 47
Daniel Davids N 1/2 48
John W. Abrams S 1/2 48
Louisa Davids 50
Harry E. Eastman 51
Eunice Abrams 52
Daniel Davids 53
John N. Chicks 54
Hoel S. Wright S part of 55 5
Oscar Wright N part of 55 57.5
John Littleman S 1/2 56
Daniel Davids N 1/2 56
Darius Davids 57
Margaret Davids 58
Daniel Davids 60
Erastus Welch, (a strip E. of road) 65 6 chains 25 lks. wide off S. side of lot.
Richard Fiddler E. of road 65 Balance of the lot.
Henry Modlin part 65 W. of road, 54 3/8
Henry Jacobs 63
Lucy Jacobs frac'l part of 66 W. of road, 50.50
John W. Abrams E 1/2 68
John Dick 70
Eunice Abrams N 1/2 76
Mary Hendrick E 1/2 78
Isaac Jacobs and George Bennet 79
John N. Chicks 81
John N. Chicks and Jacob Davids 82
Nancy Hunt W 1/2 83 31.25
James Menagre and Betsy Menagre part of 84 E. end 15.5
Betsy Wyatt W 1/2 85 & 86 61.5
William Gardner 87
Timothy Jourdain 90
Timothy Jourdain S 1/2 91 31.25
Charles Stevens 92, 94
Nancy Homm 98
Joseph L. Chicks 102
John N. Chicks 103
John Moore 105
Josiah Chicks 106
John N. Chicks 110
Timothy Jourdain 111, 112
John Littleman 113
Nathan Goodell 115
Charles Stevens S part 119 50
Catharine Littleman E part 128 54.60
John Moore 129
John W. Abrams 130
Jacob Davids 131
Adam Sheriff W 1/2 132 31.25
Jacob Davids 133
Joseph L. Chicks 134
Catharine Mills W 1/2 136
Joseph Doxtater 144, 145
Isaac Jacobs 151
Alexander Abrams 154
Jacob Davids 155
Darius Davids 156
John Littleman 157
Isaac Jacobs 158
Hannah W. Chicks 159
Catharine Mills 160
Nathan Goodell 170
John N. Chicks 173
James N. Lane 174
Jacob Davids 175
Job Moore 176
Thomas J. Chicks 179
Harvey Johnson 180
Nancy Gardner 181
Abagail Jourdain 182
Abram Chicks 184
Bartholomew Bowman 186
Harriet Jourdain 187
Andrew Chicks 188
Sarah Davids 189
Job Moore 191
William Gardner S part of 192, and 221 50
Mordy Mann N part of 192, and 221 70
Mary N. Chicks 194
William Gardner 220
Triphane E. Jourdain 222
Caleb Moors 223
Isaac Simons 224
Isabel Chicks 225
Sophia M. Jourdain 226
Jesse Bownan 227
Catharine Franks 228
Jonathan Chicks 229
Jonas Davids 231
Adam Davids 232
Linke Jourdain 233
Elizabeth Moore 234
Joseph Doxtater 235
George Bennet 237
Isaac Simmons 240
Abigail Moore 263
Henry Moore 264
William Scott 265
William Scott S 1/2 266
George Bennet N 1/2 266
Reuben Johnson 267
Silas Jourdain 268
Jesse M. Jourdain 271
Simon Gardner 274
Hannah Moore 276
Solomon Davids 277
Edward Howell 279
Harriet Johnson 280
Lucinda Gardner 282
Hope Moore 284
Jemison C. Chicks 308
Obadiah Gardner 309
Rachael Davids 313
Julius Davids 314
Elizabeth Bowman 315
Jeremiah Gardner 315
Mary Jane Bowman 317
Nancy Johnson 319
Jason Simmons 320
Betsy Menagre 321
Darius Davids 323
Humble M. Jourdain 325
Stephen Gardner 326
Francis T. Davids 327
Mary McAllister 328
Mary Hendrick 335
Susannah Hendrick 349
Jacob Moore 355
David Gardner 357
George Gardner 359
Catharine Bowman 360
Serepta Johnson 361
Thankful Stephens 362
William Gardner 364
Joseph Chicks 365
John Chicks 366
Charles Stephens 367, 368
Timothy Jourdain 369, 370, 371
Jacob Chicks 372, 373
Paul D. Hayward 375
State of Wisconsin 383 School purposes
Timothy Jourdain 384
Jeremiah Johnson 385, 389
American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions 386, 390
Jacob Chick 387, 391
Timothy Jourdain 388
John N. Chicks 392, 396
William Gardner 393, 394, 397, 398
Lemuel Goodell N end 395 2 acres

M. L. Martin.
Albert G. Ellis.

Valuation of improvements, (vide Art. 6.)

  Acres. Dollars.
Austin E. Quinney 163.3849.50 2,760.63718.25
Joseph M. Quinney 30.90 617.15
Samuel Stevens 38.76 703.26
Moses Chicks 43.00 980.50
Elizabeth Palmer 29.06 512.41
Samuel Miller 55.62 880.87
Elisha Konkapot 5.00 142.50
Peter D. Littleman 3.25 168.88
John P. Quinney 15.50 267.50
Heirs of J. Yocum 5.78 78.03
Aaron Turkey 6.00 311.00
Benjamin Pye, 2d 40.00 640.00
John Metoxen 50.00 825.00
Mrs. B. Wright 5.00 67.50
Abraham Pye 30.00 495.00
Benjamin Pye, 4th 40.00  
Benjamin Pye, sr 40.00  
Benjamin Pye, 3d 20.00 350.00
Garrett Thompson 30.00 485.00
Ziba T. Peters 10.00 215.00
Betsy T. Aaron 3.00 85.00
Thomas Skenandoah 17.00 349.50
Simon S. Metoxen 30.00 535.00
Elizabeth Wilber 41.62 711.87
Ezekiel Robinson 40.00 60.00
J. W. Quinney 60.00 1,315.00
School-house 150.00  

M. L. Martin.
Albert G. Ellis.

Don't forget to check out our Native American Jewelry and Turquoise Jewelry.

First People of America and First People of Canada : Turtle Island