Treaty with The Sioux - Two-Kettle Band
October 19, 1865
Articles of a treaty made and concluded at Fort Sully,
in the Territory of Dakota, by and between Newton Edmunds,
governor and ex-offcio superintendent of Indian affairs of
Dakota Territory, Edward B. Taylor, superintendent of Indian
affairs for the northern superintendency, Major-General S.
R. Curtis, Brigadier-General H. H. Sibley, Henry W. Reed,
and Orrin Guernsey, commissioners on the part of the United
States, duly appointed by the President, and the undersigned,
chiefs and head-men of the Two-Kettles band of Dakota or Sioux
The Two-Kettles band of Dakota or Sioux Indians represented
in council, hereby acknowledge themselves to be subject to
the exclusive jurisdiction and authority of the United States,
and hereby obligate and bind themselves individually and collectively,
not only to cease all hostilities against the persons and
property of its citizens, but to use their influence, and,
if necessary, physical force, to prevent other bands of the
Dakota or Sioux, or other adjacent tribes, from making hostile
demonstrations against the Government of the United States,
or its people.
Inasmuch as the Government of the United States is desirous
to arrest the effusion of blood between the Indian tribes
within its jurisdiction, hitherto at war with each other,
the Two-Kettles band of Dakota or Sioux, represented in council,
anxious to respect the wishes of the Government, hereby agree
and bind themselves to discontinue, for the future, all attacks
upon the persons or property of other tribes, unless first
assailed by them, and to use their influence to promote peace
everywhere in the region occupied or frequented by them.
All controversies or differences arising between the Two-Kettles
band of Dakota or Sioux, represented in council, and other
tribes of Indians, involving the question of peace or war,
shall be submitted for the arbitrament of the President, or
such person or persons as may be designated by him, and the
decision or award faithfully observed by the said band, represented
The said band, represented in council, shall withdraw from
the routes overland already established, or hereafter to be
established, through their country; and, in consideration
thereof, the Government of the United States agree to pay
to the said band the sum of six thousand dollars annually,
for twenty years, in such articles as the Secretary of the
Interior may direct: Provided, That the said bands so represented
in council shall faithfully conform to the requirements of
Should any individual or individuals, or portion of the band
of the Two-Kettles band of Dakota and Sioux Indians, represented
in council, desire hereafter to locate permanently upon any
part of the land claimed by the said band, for the purpose
of agricultural or other pursuits, it is hereby agreed by
the parties to this treaty that such individual or individuals
shall be protected in such location against any annoyance
or molestation on the part of whites or Indians: and where
twenty lodges or families of the Two-Kettles band shall have
located on lands for agricultural purposes, and signified
the same to their agent or superintendent, they as well as
other families so locating shall receive the sum of twenty-five
dollars annually, for five years, for each family, in agricultural
implements and improvements; and when one hundred lodges or
families shall have so engaged in agricultural pursuits, they
shall be entitled to a farmer and blacksmith, at the expense
of the Government, also teachers, at the option of the Secretary
of the Interior, when deemed necessary.
Soldiers in the United States service having killed Ish-tah-chah-ne-aha,
(Puffing Eyes,) a friendly chief of the Two-Kettles band of
Dakota or Sioux Indians, it is hereby agreed that the Government
of the United States shall cause to be paid to the surviving
widow of the deceased and his children, seventeen in number,
the sum of five hundred dollars; and to the said tribe or
band, in common, as indemnity for killing said chief, the
sum of five hundred dollars, said payment to be made under
the direction of the Secretary of the Interior.
Any amendment or modification of this treaty by the Senate
of the United States shall be considered final and binding
upon the said band, represented in council, as a part of this
treaty, in the same manner as if it had been subsequently
presented and agreed to by the chiefs and head-men of said
In testimony whereof, the Commissioners on the part of the
United States, and the chiefs and headmen of the said Two
Kettles band of Dakota or Sioux, have hereunto set their hands,
this ninteenth day of October, one thousand eight hundred
and sixty-five, after the contents had previously been read,
interpreted, and explained to the said chiefs and headmen.
- Newton Edmunds,
- Edward B. Taylor,
- S. R. Curtis, major-general,
- H. H. Sibley, brigadier-general,
- Henry W. Reed,
- Orrin Guernsey,
- Commissioners on the part of the United States.
- Cha-tan-skah, The White Hawk, chief, his x mark.
- E-to-ke-ah, The Hump, chief, his x mark.
- Shon-kah-wak-kon-ke-desh-kah, The Spotted Horse, chief, his x mark.
- Mah-to-ke-desh-kah, The Spotted Bear, chief, his x mark.
- Mah-to-to-pah, The Four Bears, his x mark.
- Chan-tay-o-me-ne-o-me-ne, The Whirling Heart, his x mark.
- Mah-to-a-cha-chah, The Bear that is like him, his x mark.
- Tah-hoo-ka-zah-nom-pub, The Two Lances, his x mark.
- Mah-to-ton-kah, The Big Bear, his x mark.
- To-ke-chi-wy-a, He that Catches the Enemy, his x mark.
- Mah-to-nan-gee, the Bear that Stands, his x mark.
- Shon-kah-doo-tah, The Red Dog, his x mark.
- Chon-nom-pah-pa-ge-nan-kah, He that wears the Pipe on his head, his x mark.
- Tah-shon-kah-muz-zah, His Iron Dog, his x mark.
- Ho-pe-e-muz-zah, The Iron Wing, his x mark.
- Chah-ge-lesh-kah-wak-ke-an, The Thunder Spotted Hoop, his x mark.
- Hak-kah-doo-sah, The Fast Elk, his x mark.
- Wy-ah-tah-ton-kah, The Big Nation, his x mark.
- We-kee-pah, The One that Calls the Women, his x mark.
- Fa-je-to, Green Grass, his x mark.
- Chief Chon-ka-has-ka, Stinking Dog, his x mark.
- Chief Pa-ta-sea-wah-bel-lu, White Cow Eagle, his x mark.
Signed by the Commissioners on the part of the United States,
and by the chiefs and headmen, after the treaty had been fully
read, interpreted, and explained, in our presence:-
- A. W. Hubbard, M. C. Sixth district Iowa.
- Hez. L. Hosmer, chief justice of Montana Territory.
- Chas. C. G. Thornton, lieutenant-colonel Fourth U. S. Volunteers.
- E. F. Ruth, secretary of commission
- O. D. Barrett, special agent Indian Affairs.
- Zephier Recontere, his x mark, interpreter.
- Charles Degre, his x mark, interpreter.
The foregoing signatures in this handwriting (that of Gen.
Curtis) were made in presence of the undersigned.
- Maj. A. P. Shreve, paymaster U. S. Army.
- John Pattee, lieutenant-colonel Seventh Iowa Cavalry.
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