Treaty with The Sioux - Oglala Band
October 28, 1865
Articles of a treaty made and concluded at Fort Sully,
in the Territory of Dakota, by and between Newton Edmunds,
governor and ex-officio superintendent of Indian affairs of
Dakota Territory, Edward B. Taylor, superintendent of Indian
affairs for the northern superintendency, Major-General S.
R. Curtis, Brigadier-General, H. H. Sibley, Henry W. Reed,
and Orrin Guernsey, commissioners on the part of the United
States, duly appointed by the President, and the undersigned
chiefs and head-men of the O'Galla band of Dakota or
The O'Gallala band of Dakota or Sioux Indians, represented
in council, hereby acknowledge themselves to be subject to
the exclusive jurisdiction and authority of the United States,
and hereby obligate and bind themselves, individually and
collectively, not only to cease all hostilities against the
persons and property of its citizens, but to use their influence,
and, if necessary, physical force, to prevent other bands
of the Dakota Indians, or other adjacent tribes, from making
hostile demonstrations against the Government or people of
the United States.
Inasmuch as the Government of the United States is desirous
to arrest the effusion of blood between the Indian tribes
within its jurisdiction hitherto at war with each other, the
O'Gallala band of Dakota or Sioux Indians, represented
in council, anxious to respect the wishes of the Government,
hereby agree to discontinue for the future all attacks upon
the persons or property of other tribes, unless first attacked
by them, and to use their influence to promote peace everywhere
in the region occupied or frequented by them.
All controversies or differences arising between the O'Gallala
band of Dakota or Sioux Indians, represented in council, and
other tribes of Indians, involving the question of peace or
war, shall be submitted shall be submitted for the arbitrament
of the arbitrament of the President, or such person or persons
as may be designated by him, and the decision or award faithfully
observed by the said band represented in council.
The said band represented in council shall withdraw from
the routes overland already established or hereafter to be
established through their country: and in consideration thereof,
the Government of the United States agree to pay to the said
band the sum of ten thousand dollars annually for twenty years,
in such articles as the Secretary of the Interior may direct:
Provided, That said band, so represented in council, shall
faithfully conform to the requirements of this treaty.
Should any individual or individuals, or portion of the band
of the [O'Gallala] band of Dakota or Sioux Indians, represented
in council, desire hereafter to locate permanently upon any
land claimed by said band for the purposes of agricultural
or other similar pursuits, it is hereby agreed by the parties
to this treaty, that such individuals shall be protected in
such location against any annoyance or molestation on the
part of whites or Indians; and whenever twenty lodges or families
of the O'Gallala band shall have located on land for
agricultural purposes, and signified the same to their agent
or superintendent, they as well as other families so locating
shall receive the sum of twenty-five dollars annually, for
five years, for each family, in agricultural implements and
improvements; and when one hundred lodges or families shall
have so engaged in agricultural pursuits they shall be entitled
to a farmer and blacksmith, at the expense of the Government,
as also teachers, at the option of the Secretary of the Interior,
whenever deemed necessary.
Any amendment or modification of this treaty by the Senate
of the United States shall be considered final and binding
upon the said band, represented in council, as a part of this
treaty, in the same manner as if it had been subsequently
presented and agreed to by the chiefs and head-men of said
In testimony whereof, the Commissioners on the part of the
United States, and the chiefs and headmen of the said O'Gallala
band of Dakota or Sioux Indians, have hereunto set their hands
this twenty-sixth day of October, eighteen hundred and sixty-five
after the contents had previously been read, interpreted,
and explained to the chiefs and headmen.
- Newton Edmunds,
- Edward B. Taylor,
- S. R. Curtis, major-general,
- H. H. Sibley, brigadier-general,
- Henry W. Reed,
- Orrin Guernsey.
Signed on the part of the Commission, in our presence:-
- S. L. Spink,
- Geo. D. Hill,
- A. W. Hubbard,
- G. C. Moody.
- Chief Long Bull, Tan-tan-ka-has-ka, his x mark.
- The Charging Bear, Ma-lo-wa-ta-khe, his x mark.
- The Man that Stands on a Hill, Pa-ha-to-na-je, his x mark.
The foregoing signatures in this handwriting (that of General
Curtis) were made in presence of the undersigned on the 28th
and 29th Oct., 1865, at Fort Sully.
- Maj. A. P. Shreve, Paymaster U. S. Army.
- John Pattee, Lieutenant-Colonel Seventh Iowa Cavalry.
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