Treaty with The Sioux - Hunkpapa Band
October 20, 1865
Articles of a treaty made and concluded at Fort Sully,
in the Territory of Dakota, by and between Newton Edmunds,
governor and ex-officio superintendent of Indian affairs of
Dakota Territory, Edward B. Taylor, superintendent of Indian
Affairs for the northern superintendency, Major-General S.
R. Curtis, Brigadier-General H. H. Sibley, Henry W. Reed,
and Orrin Guernsey, commissioners on the part of the United
States, duly appointed by the President, and the undersigned
chiefs and head-men of the Onkpahpah band of Dakota or Sioux
The Onkpahpah band of Dakota or Sioux Indians, represented
in council, hereby acknowledge themselves to be subject to
the exclusive jurisdiction and authority of the United States,
and hereby obligate and bind themselves, individually and
collectively, not only to cease all hostilities against the
persons and property of its citizens, but to use their influence,
and, if requisite, physical force, to prevent other bands
of Dakota Indians, or other adjacent tribes, from making hostile
demonstrations against the Government or people of the United
Inasmuch as the Government of the United States is desirous
to arrest the effusion of blood between the Indian tribes
within its jurisdiction hitherto at war with each other, the
Onkpahpah band of Dakota or Sioux Indians, represented in
council, anxious to respect the wishes of the Government,
hereby agree to discontinue for the future all attacks upon
the persons or property of other tribes, unless first attacked
by them, and to use their influence to promote peace everywhere
in the region occupied or frequented by them.
All controversies or differences arising between the Onkpahpah
band of Dakota or Sioux Indians involving the question of
peace or war shall be submitted for the arbitrament of the
President, or such person or persons as may be designated
by him, and the decision or award shall be faithfully observed
by the said band represented in council.
The said band represented in council shall withdraw from
the routes overland already established, or hereafter to be
established, through their country; and in consideration thereof
the Government of the United States agree to pay the said
band the sum of thirty dollars for each lodge or family, annually,
for twenty years, in such articles as the Secretary of the
Interior may direct: Provided. That said band so represented
in council shall faithfully conform to the requirements of
Should any individual or individuals, or portion of the band
of the Onkpahpah band of Dakota or Sioux Indians, represented
in council, desire hereafter to locate permanently upon any
land claimed by said band for the purposes of agricultural
or other similar pursuits, it is hereby agreed by the parties
to this treaty that such individuals shall be protected in
such location against any annoyance or molestation on the
part of whites or Indians, and whenever twenty lodges or families
of the Onkpahpah band shall have located on land for agricultural
purposes, and signified the same to their agents or superintendent,
they as well as other families so locating shall receive the
sum of twenty-five dollars annually for five years, for each
family, in agricultural implements and improvements; and when
one hundred lodges or families shall have so engaged in agricultural
pursuits, they shall be entitled to a farmer and blacksmith,
at the expense of the Government, as also teachers, at the
option of the Secretary of the Interior, whenever deemed necessary.
Any amendment or modification of this treaty by the Senate
of the United States shall be considered final and binding
upon the said band, represented in council, as a part of this
treaty, in the same manner as if it had been subsequently
presented and agreed to by the chiefs and head-men of said
In testimony whereof, the Commissioners on the part of the
United States, and the chiefs and headmen of the said Yanktonai
band of Dakota or Sioux Indians, have hereunto set their hands,
this twentieth day of October, eighteen hundred and sixty-five,
after the contents had previously been read, interpreted,
and explained to the chiefs and headmen.
- Newton Edmunds,
- Edward B. Taylor,
- S. R. Curtis, major-general,
- H. H. Sibley, brigadier-general,
- Henry Reed,
- Orrin Guernsey.
- M'doka, or The Buck, his x mark.
- Mah-to-wak-kouah, He that Runs the Bear, his x mark.
- Shon-kah-we-te-ko, The Fool Dog, his x mark.
- Tah-chonk-pee-sappah, The Black Tomahawk, his x mark.
- Wah-doo-tah-wak-kean, The Red Thunder, his x mark.
- Ton-kon-ha-ton, The Rock with a Horn, his x mark.
- Two Bears, Mato-non-pa, his x mark.
- White Bear, Ma-to-sea, his x mark.
- Bone Necklace, Ho-hoo-non-pee, his x mark.
In presence of-
- Hez L. Hosmer, chief justice of Montana Territory.
- S. S. Curtis, brevet lieutenant-colonel U. S. Volunteers.
- A. W. Hubbard, M. C. Sixth District Iowa.
- E. F. Ruth, secretary of commission.
- R. R. Hitt, reporter of commission.
- Zephier Re[n]contre, his x mark, interpreter.
- Charles Degres, his x mark, interpreter.
- The Man that Runs in His Tracks, O-yea-ke-pa, his x mark.
- The Man Surrounded, Na-je-om-pee, his x mark.
- The Medicine White Man, Wa-se-che-wa-kon, his x mark.
- The Man that Stirs, Skin-ich-e-a, his x mark.
- Fast Walker, Mon-ne-loo-sa, his x mark.
- Red Bull, Taw-ton, his x mark.
The foregoing signatures in this handwriting (that of General
Curtis) were made in presence of the undersigned on the 28th
and 29th October, 1865, at Fort Sully.
- Maj. A. P. Shreve, paymaster U. S. Army.
- John Pattie, lieutenant-colonel Seventh Iowa Cavalry.
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