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Treaty with The Sioux.
June 1, 1816

A treaty of peace and friendship made and concluded at St. Louis, between William Clark, Ninian Edwards, and Auguste Chouteau, commissioners plenipotentiary of the United States of America, on the part and behalf of the said states, of the one part, and the undersigned chiefs and warriors, representing eight bands of the Siouxs, composing the three tribes called the Siouxs of the Leaf, the Siouxs of the Broad Leaf, and the Siouxs who shoot in the Pine Tops, on the part and behalf of their said tribes, of the other part.

The parties being desirous of re-establishing peace and friendship between the United States and the said tribes, and of being placed in all things, and in every respect, on the same footing upon which they stood before the late war between the United States and Great Britain, have agreed to the following articles:

Article 1.

Every injury or act of hostility, committed by one or either of the contracting parties against the other, shall be mutually forgiven and forgot.

Article 2.

There shall be perpetual peace and friendship between all the citizens of the United States, and all the individuals composing the aforesaid tribes; and all the friendly relations that existed between them before the war shall be, and the same are hereby, renewed.

Article 3.

The undersigned chiefs and warriors, for themselves and their tribes respectively, do, by these presents, confirm to the United States all and every cession, or cessions, of land heretofore made by their tribes to the British, French, or Spanish government, within the limits of the United States or their territories; and the parties here contracting do, moreover, in the sincerity of mutual friendship, recognize, re-establish, and confirm, all and every treaty, contract, and agreement, heretofore concluded between the United States and the said tribes or nations.

Article 4.

The undersigned chiefs and warriors as aforesaid, for themselves and their said tribes, do hereby acknowledge themselves to be under the protection of the United States, and of no other nation, power, or sovereign, whatsoever.

In witness whereof, the commissioners aforesaid, and the undersigned chiefs and warriors as aforesaid, have hereunto subscribed their names and affixed their seals, this first day of June, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixteen, and of the independence of the United States the fortieth.

  • William Clark, [L. S.]
  • Ninian Edwards, [L. S.]
  • Auguste Chouteau, [L. S.]
  • Tatamanee, the Marching Wind, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Warmadearwarup, the Man who looks at the Calumet Eagle, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Peneshon, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Kanggawashecha, or French Crow, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Eanggamanee, the Runner, his x mark [L. S.]
  • Tatangascartop, the Playing Buffalo, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Tatangamarnee, the Walking Buffalo, or Red Wing, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Warseconta, who shoots in the Pine tops, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Weeshto, the Shoulder, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Warmarnosa, the Thief, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Shutkaongka, the Bird on the Limb, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Shakaska, White Nails, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Shuskamanee, the Walking Bird, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Manakohomonee, the Turning Iron, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Oocus, the Watchman, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Pahataka, the Humming Bird, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Eaohungko, the Man who marches quick, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Medermee, the Muddy Lake, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Tatawaka, the Medicine Wind, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Warshushasta, the Bad Hail, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Eoshark, the Belly-Ache, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Tuquaacundup, the Doctor, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Onudokea, the Fluttering Eagle, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Tusarquarp, he that walks with a Cane, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Markpeasena, the Black Cloud, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Warksuamanee, the Man who is sick when he walks, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Otanggamanee, the Man with a strong voice, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Hungkrehearpee, or the Half of his Body Gray, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Warpearmusee, the Iron Cloud, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Etoagungamanee, the White Face, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Warchesunsapa, the Negro, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Ehaarp, the Climber, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Nahre, the Shifting Shadow, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Hapula, the fourth Son, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Marcawachup, the Dancer, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Shantanggaup, the Big Tree, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Shongkaska, the White Big-eared Dog, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Hasanee, the Buffalo with one Horn, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Narissakata, the Old Man who can hardly walk, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Aearpa, the Speaker, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Muckpeasarp, the Black Cloud, his x mark, [L. S.]

Done at St. Louis, in the presence of

  • R. Wash, secretary to the commission,
  • R. Paul, C. T. of the C.
  • Wm. O. Allen, captain U. S. Corps Artillery,
  • H. S. Geyer,
  • Joshua Norvell, judge advocate M. M. N. Boilvin, agent,
  • Thomas Forsyth, Indian agent,
  • Maurice Blondeaux,
  • Henry Delorier, interpreter,
  • Pierre Lapointe, interpreter,
  • Samuel Solomon, interpreter,
  • Jacques Mette, interpreter,
  • Cere,
  • Richard Cave,
  • Willi Cave,
  • Julius Pescay.

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