Treaty with The Sioux
September 23, 1805
Conference Between the United States of America and the
Sioux Nation of Indians.*
Whereas, a conference held between the United States of America
and the Sioux Nation of Indians, Lieut. Z. M. Pike, of the
Army of the United States, and the chiefs and warriors of
the said tribe, have agreed to the following articles, which
when ratified and approved of by the proper authority, shall
be binding on both parties:
That the Sioux Nation grants unto the United States for
the purpose of the establishment of military posts, nine miles
square at the mouth of the river St. Croix, also from below
the confluence of the Mississippi and St. Peters, up the Mississippi,
to include the falls of St. Anthony, extending nine miles
on each side of the river. That the Sioux Nation grants to
the United States, the full sovereignty and power over said
districts forever, without any let or hindrance whatsoever.
That in consideration of the above grants the United States
(shall, prior to taking possession thereof, pay to the Sioux
two thousand dollars, or deliver the value therof in such
goods and merchandise as they shall choose).
The United States promise on their part to permit the Sioux
to pass, repass, hunt or make other uses of the said districts,
as they have formerly done, without any other exception, but
those specified in article first.
In testimony hereof, we, the undersigned, have hereunto set
our hands and seals, at the mouth of the river St. Peters,
on the 23rd day of September, one thousand eight hundred and
- Z. M. Pike, [Seal.]
First Lieutenant and Agent at the above conference.
- Le Petit Carbeau, his x mark. [Seal.]
- Way Aga Enogee, his x mark. [Seal.]
*This treaty does not appear among those printed in the United
States Statutes at Large. It was, however, submitted by the
President to the Senate, March 29, 1808. The Senate committee
reported favorably, on the 13th of April, with the following
amendment to fill the blank in article 2, viz: "After
the word 'States' in the second article insert the following
words: 'shall, prior to taking possession thereof, pay to
the Sioux two thousand dollars, or deliver the value thereof
in such goods and merchandise as they shall choose.'"
In this form the Senate, on the 16th of April, 1808, advised
and consented to its ratification by a unanimous vote.
An examination of the records of the State Department fails
to indicate any subsequent action by the President in proclaiming
the ratification of this treaty; but more than twenty-five
years subsequent to its approval by the Senate the correspondence
of the War Department speaks of the cessions of land described
therein as an accomplished fact.
Don't forget to check out our American Indian Jewelry and Native American Books.