Treaty with The Sioux - Lower Brulé Band
October 14, 1865
Articles of a treaty made and concluded at Fort Sully,
in the Territory of Dakota, by and between Newton Edmunds,
governor and ex-officio superintendent of Indian affairs of
Dakota Territory; Edward B. Taylor, superintendent of Indian
affairs for the northern superintendency; Major-General S.
R. Curtis, Brigadier-General H. H. Sibley, Henry W. Reed,
and Orrin Guernsey, commissioners on the part of the United
States, duly appointed by the President, and the undersigned
chiefs and head-men of the Lower Brulé band of Dakota
or Sioux Indians.
The Lower Brulé band of Dakota or Sioux Indians, represented
in council, hereby acknowledge themselves to be subject to
the exclusive jurisdiction and authority of the United States,
and hereby obligate and bind themselves individually and collectively,
not only to cease all hostilities against the persons and
property of its citizens, but to use their influence, and,
if necessary, physical force, to prevent other bands of the
Dakota or Sioux, or other adjacent tribes, from making hostile
demonstrations against the Government of the United States
or its people.
Inasmuch as the Government of the United States is desirous
to arrest the effusion of blood between the Indian tribes
within its jurisdiction hitherto at war with each other, the
Lower Brulé band of Dakotas or Sioux, represented in
council, anxious to respect the wishes of the Government,
hereby agree and bind themselves to discontinue for the future
all attacks upon the persons or property of other tribes,
unless first assailed by them, and to use their influence
to promote peace everywhere in the region occupied or frequented
All controversies or differences arising between the Lower
Brulé band of Dakotas or Sioux, represented in council,
and other tribes of Indians, involving the question of peace
or war, shall be submitted for the arbitrament of the President,
or such person or persons as may be designated by him, and
the decision or award faithfully observed by the said band
represented in council.
The said band represented in council shall withdraw from
the routes overland already established, or hereafter to be
established through their country; and in consideration thereof
the Government of the United States agree to pay to the said
band the sum of six thousand dollars annually, for twenty
years, in such articles as the Secretary of the Interior may
direct: Provided, That said band so represented in council
shall faithfully conform to the requirements of this treaty.
Should any individual, or individuals, or portion of the
Lower Brulé band of Dakotas, or Sioux, represented
in council, desire hereafter to locate permanently upon any
part of the lands claimed by the said band, for the purpose
of agricultural or other pursuits, it is hereby agreed by
the parties to this treaty that such individual or individuals
shall be protected in such location against any annoyance
or molestation on the part of whites or Indians.
It is hereby agreed upon the part of the Government of the
United States that the said band of Lower Brulés shall
locate on a permanent reservation at or near the mouth of
the White River, to include Fort Lookout, twenty miles in
a straight line along the Missouri River, and ten miles in
depth; and that upon the actual occupation of not less than
fifty lodges or families of said reservation, and their engaging
permanently in agricultural and other kindred pursuits, the
Government of the United States agree to furnish at its own
cost the sum of twenty-five dollars for each and every lodge
or family so engaged, as a common fund, to be expended in
stock, agricultural and other implements and general improvements
as shall be directed by the Secretary of the Interior; the
said sum to be furnished annually for five years. It being
understood that the said stock, agricultural and other implements
shall be and remain the property of the United States, to
be used and employed for the exclusive benefit of the lodges
or families so located, and in no case to be sold or alienated
by the said band or any member thereof; and the United States
further engage to employ at its own cost a blacksmith and
farmer for the benefit of the said lodges or families.
The United States reserve the right to construct a road or
roads through the said reservation.
No white person, other than officers, agents or employés
of the United States, shall be permitted to go on or remain
on the said reservation, unless previously admitted as a member
of the said band according to their usages.
Whenever the Secretary of the Interior may so direct, schools
for the instruction of the said band may be opened on the
The undersigned chiefs of the Brulés, hereby further
agree that should the Two Kettles band of the Dakota or Sioux
Indians be located adjoining them, they will cheerfully allow
them to do so, and also agree that the employés secured
to the Brulés may be used also for the joint benefit
of the said Two Kettles, at the discretion of the Government.
Any amendment or modification of this treaty by the Senate
of the United States shall be considered final and binding
upon the said band, represented in council, as a part of this
treaty, in the same manner as if it had been subsequently
presented and agreed to by the chiefs and head-men of said
In testimony whereof, the Commissioners on the part of the
United States, and the chiefs and headmen of the said Lower
Brulé band of Dakota or Sioux, have hereunto set their
hands, this fourteenth day of October, one thousand eight
hundred and sixty-five, after the contents had previously
been read, interpreted, and explained to the said chiefs and
- Newton Edmunds,
- Edward B. Taylor,
- S. R. Curtis, major-general,
- H. H. Sibley, brigadier-general,
- Henry W. Reed,
- Orrin Guernsey,
- Commissioners on the part of the United States.
- Muz-zah-wy-ah-tay, The Iron Nation, his x mark.
- Tah-ton-kah-wak-kon, Medicine Ball, his x mark.
- Pta-son-we-chak-tay, The One who Killed the White Buffalo Cow, his x mark.
- She-o-tche-kah, Little Pheasant, his x mark.
- Pta-san-man-nee, White Buffalo Cow that walks, his x mark.
- Chon-tay-o-kit-e-kah, The Brave Heart, his x mark.
- Tah-o-pee, The Wounded Man, his x mark.
- Wag-ah-mo-ah-win, The Gourd Ear Rings his x mark.
- E-chap-sin-ta-muz-zah, The Iron Whip, his x mark.
- Ze-te-kah-dan-sap-pah, The Blackbird, his x mark.
- Wah-hah-chunki-e-un-ka, The Shield that Runs, his x mark.
- Muck-a-pee-e-chash-nah, The Cloud that Rattles, his x mark.
- Is-to-o-pee, The Wounded Arm, his x mark.
- Min-do-ton-kah-che-kah, The Little Partisan, his x mark.
- Wah-min-dee-shon-ton-kah, The War Eagle with Large Feathers, his x mark.
Signed by the Commissioners on the part of the United States,
and by the chiefs and headmen, after the treaty had been fully
read, interpreted, and explained in our presence: -
- A. W. Hubbard, M. C., Sixth district Iowa.
- S. S. Curtis, major, Second Colorado Cavalry, brevet lieutenant-colonel.
- W. S. Woods, surgeon, U. S. Volunteers.
- E. F. Ruth, secretary to Commission.
- R. R. Hitt, reporter of Commission.
- Zephier Recontre, his x mark, interpreter.
- Charles Degre, his x mark, interpreter.
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