Treaty with The Shoshoni - Goship
October 12, 1863
Treaty of peace and friendship made at Tuilla Valley, in
the Territory of Utah, this twelfth day of October, A. D.
one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, between the United
States of America, represented by the undersigned commissioners,
and the Shoshonee-Goship bands of Indians, represented by
their chiefs, principal men, and warriors, as follows:
Peace and friendship is hereby established and shall be hereafter
maintained between the Shoshonee-Goship bands of Indians and
the citizens and Government of the United States; and the
said bands stipulate and agree that hostilities and all depredations
upon the emigrant trains, the mail and telegraph lines, and
upon the citizens of the United States, within their country,
It is further stipulated by said bands that the several routes
of travel through their country now or hereafter used by white
men shall be forever free and unobstructed by them, for the
use of the Government of the United States, and of all emigrants
and travellers within it under its authority and protection,
without molestation or injury from them. And if depredations
are at any time committed by bad men of their own or other
tribes within their country, the offenders shall be immediately
taken and delivered up to the proper officers of the United
States, to be punished as their offences may deserve; and
the safety of all travellers passing peaceably over either
of said routes is hereby guaranteed by said bands.
Military posts may be established by the President of the
United States along said routes, or elsewhere in their country;
and station-houses may be erected and occupied at such points
as may be necessary for the comfort and convenience of travellers
or for the use of the mail or telegraph companies.
The telegraph and overland stage lines having been established
and operated by companies under the authority of the United
States through the country occupied by said bands, it is expressly
agreed that the same may be continued without hindrance, molestation,
or injury from the people of said bands, and that their property,
and the lives and property of passengers in the stages, and
of the employees of the respective companies, shall be protected
And further, it being understood that provision has been
made by the Government of the United States for the construction
of a railway from the plains west to the Pacific Ocean, it
is stipulated by said bands that the said railway or its branches
may be located, constructed, and operated, and without molestation
from them, through any portion of the country claimed or occupied
It is further agreed by the parties hereto that the country
of the Goship tribe may be explored and prospected for gold
and silver, or other minerals and metals; and when mines are
discovered they may be worked, and mining and agricultural
settlements formed and ranchos established wherever they may
be required. Mills may be erected and timber taken for their
use, as also for building and other purposes, in any part
of said country.
It is understood that the boundaries of the country claimed
and occupied by the Goship tribe, as defined and described
by said bands, are as follows: On the north by the middle
of the Great Desert; on the west by Steptoe Valley; on the
south by Tooedoe or Green Mountains; and on the east by Great
Salt Lake, Tuilla, and Rush Valleys.
The said bands agree that whenever the President of the United
States shall deem it expedient for them to abandon the roaming
life which they now lead, and become settled as herdsmen or
agriculturists, he is hereby authorized to make such reservations
for their use as he may deem necessary; and they do also agree
to remove their camps to such reservations as he may indicate,
and to reside and remain thereon.
The United States being aware of the inconvenience resulting
to the Indians, in consequence of the driving away and destruction
of game along the routes travelled by white men, and by the
formation of agricultural and mining settlements, are willing
to fairly compensate them for the same. Therefore, and in
consideration of the preceding stipulations, and of their
faithful observance by said bands, the United States promise
and agree to pay to the said Goship tribe, or to the said
bands, parties hereto, at the option of the President of the
United States, annually, for the term of twenty years, the
sum of one thousand dollars, in such articles, including cattle
for herding or other purposes, as the President shall deem
suitable for their wants and condition either as hunters or
herdsmen. And the said bands, for themselves and for their
tribe, hereby acknowledge the reception of the said stipulated
annuities as a full compensation and equivalent for the loss
of game and the rights and privileges hereby conceded; and
also one thousand dollars in provisions and goods at and before
the signing of this treaty.
Nothing herein contained shall be construed or taken to admit
any other or greater title or interest in the lands embraced
within the territories described in said treaty in said tribes
or bands of Indians than existed in them upon the acquisition
of said territories from Mexico by the laws thereof.
- James Duane Doty, commissioner.
- P. Edw. Connor,
- Brigadier-General U. S. Volunteers,
- Commanding District of Utah.
- Tabby, his x mark.
- Adaseim, his x mark.
- Tintsa-pa-gin, his x mark.
- Harray-nup, his x mark.
- Amos Reed.
- Chas. H. Hempstead, captain and chief commissary district of Utah.
- William Lee, interpreter.
- Jos. A. Gebon, interpreter.
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