Treaty with The Shawnee
October 26, 1832
Articles of a treaty made and entered into at Castor Hill,
in the county of St. Louis, in the State of Missouri, this
twenty-sixth day of October, one thousand eight hundred and
thirty-two, between William Clark, Frank J. Allen and Nathan
Kouns, Commissioners on the part of the United States, of
the one part, and the Chiefs, Warriors and Counsellors of
the Shawnoes and Delawares, late of Cape Girardeau, in behalf
of their respective bands, of the other part.
WHEREAS parts of the Shawanoe and Delaware nations of Indians,
did settle on lands near the town of Cape Girardeau, under
a permission from the Spanish Government given to said Shawanoes
and Delawares by the Baron de Carondelet, dated the fourth
day of January one thousand seven hundred and ninety three,
on which lands the Delawares resided until the year one thousand
eight hundred and fifteen, at which period, from various causes,
it became necessary for them to remove, leaving their fields
and improvements: And whereas, lands have been assigned to
the said Tribes by Treaties, viz: with the Shawanoes of the
seventh November one thousand eight hundred and twenty-five,
and with the Delawares of the twenty-fourth September one
thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine, in which last named
Treaty no compensation was made to the Delawares late of Cape
Girardeau, for their improvements or for their loss of stock,
. and it being the desire of the United States to indemnify
the said Delawares for all losses and injuries by them sustained
in consequence of such removal, the following articles have
been agreed upon by the contracting parties.
The Delawares and Shawanoes late of Cape Girardeau, hereby
cede and relinquish to the United States all their lands within
the State of Missouri, and also all claims which they may
have against the United States for loss of property and for
improvements which they have made up to the present time.
In consideration of the foregoing cession and relinquishment,
the United States agree to the following stipulations: There
shall be paid and delivered to said Delawares as soon as possible
after the ratification of this Treaty, horned cattle, hogs,
and other stock, to the amount of two thousand dollars.
For assistance in breaking up ground, and enclosing the same,
one thousand dollars.
For pay of a person to attend their mill for five years,
and for repairs of the same during the said period, two thousand
five hundred dollars.
For support of a school for three years, one thousand five
There shall be paid to the said Delawares on their lands,
in merchandise suited to their wants, at the St. Louis cost
prices, after the ratification of this treaty, the sum of
five thousand dollars. There shall also be paid them the further
sum of twelve thousand dollars, to be placed, at the request
of said Indians, in the hands of the Superintendent of Indian
affairs at St. Louis, to be by him applied to the payment
of debts which the said Delawares have acknowledged to be
due by their nation agreeably to a schedule presented in Council,
and which sum they wish paid to Menard & Vallé
of St. Genevieve, for the benefit of William Gillis and William
Marshall. - The sum of one thousand dollars is also paid
them in merchandise and cash, the receipt of which latter
sum (of one thousand dollars) is hereby acknowledged.
To enable the Shawanoes who are parties to this Treaty, to
remove immediately all the bands of their Tribe who are settled
in the Territory of Arkansas, to the lands assigned their
nation on the Kanzas river, the United States will pay them
on the signing of this treaty, eight hundred dollars in cash,
and four hundred dollars in clothing and horses, the receipt
of which sums, amounting to twelve hundred dollars, is hereby
acknowledged. And when they shall have removed to their lands,
the further sum of five hundred dollars shall be paid them
towards the expenses of said removal. The United States will
moreover furnish the said Shawanoes with provisions on their
land for one year after their removal, which, together with
the preceding stipulations, will be considered in full of
all their claims and demands against the United States, of
This treaty to be obligatory on the contracting parties when
ratified by the President and Senate of the United States.
In testimony whereof, the commissioners aforesaid, and the
undersigned chiefs, warriors, and counsellors aforesaid have
hereunto subscribed their names and affixed their seals, at
Castor Hill, in the county of St. Louis aforesaid, the date
first above written.
- William Clark, [L. S.]
- Frank J. Allen, [L. S.]
- Nathan Kouns, [L. S.]
- Meh-shay-quo-wah, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Nah-ko-min, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Ta-whe-la-len, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Capt. Ketchum, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Nonon-da-qomon, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Wah-wai-lainue, his x mark, [L. S.]
- La-lah-ow-che-ka, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Ki-ah-quah, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Pee-tah-lah-wah, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Shot Pouch, his x mark, [L. S.]
In presence of -
- Jas. Kemmly, secretary,
- Meriwether Lewis Clark, lieutenant, Sixth Infantry,
- Geo. Maguire, Indian Department,
- Sam. L. McKenny,
- Pierre Menard,
- Alex'r. Charles,
- Pem-saw-taw, Capt. Perry, his x mark,
- A. Shane, United States interpreter,
- Jacques Mette, United States interpreter,
- Geo. Catlin,
- Pierre Cadue, his x mark, interpreter for Kickapoos and Pottawatamies.
Castor Hill, St. Louis County, Mo.
October 31st, 1832.
By an understanding had between the undersigned Commissioners
on the part of the United States, and certain Chiefs of the
Delaware Nation hereinafter named, and which was agreed to
after the signing of the Treaty with said Tribe, it was stipulated
by the said Chiefs and agreed to by the Commissioners, that
an annuity for life to Meshe Kowhay, or Patterson, first Chief
of the Delawares, Tah-whee-lalen, or Ketchum, Captain of a
band; and Natcoming, also Captain of a band, should be paid
to each of them by the United States, of one hundred dollars.
In testimony whereof, we have hereunto set our hands at Castor
Hill, the date aforesaid.
- William Clark,
- Nathan Kouns.
- Frank J. Allen.
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