Treaty with The Shawnee
January 31st, 1786
Articles of a Treaty concluded at the Mouth of the Great
Miami, on the North-western Bank of the Ohio, the thirty-first
day of January, one thousand seven hundred arid eighty-six,
between the Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United States
of America, of the one Part, and the Chiefs and Warriors of
the Shawnoe Nation, of the other Part.
Three hostages shall be immediately delivered to the Commissioners,
to remain in the possession of the United States until all
the prisoners, white and black, taken in the late war from
among the citizens of the United States, by the Shawanoe nation,
or by any other Indian or Indians residing in their towns,
shall be restored.
The Shawanoe nation do acknowledge the United States to be
the sole and absolute sovereigns of all the territory ceded
to them by treaty of peace, made between them and the King
of Great Britain the fourteenth day of January, one thousand
seven hundred and eighty-four.
If any Indian or Indians of the Shawanoe nation, or any other
Indian or Indians residing in their towns, shall commit murder
or robbery on, or do any injury to the citizens of the United
States, or any of them, that nation shall deliver such offender
or offenders to the officer commending the nearest post of
the United States, to be punished according to the ordinances
of Congress; and in like manner, any citizen of the United
States, who shall do an injury to any Indian of the Shawanoe
nation, or to any other Indian or Indians residing in their
towns, and under their protection, shall be punished according
to the laws of the United States.
The Shawanoe nation having knowledge of the intention of
any nation or body of Indians to make war on the citizens
of the United States, or of their counselling together for
that purpose, and neglecting to give information thereof to
the commanding officer of the nearest post of the United States,
shall be considered as parties in such war and be punished
accordingly: and the United States shall in like manner inform
the Shawanoes of any injury designed against them.
The United States do grant peace to the Shawanoe nation,
and do receive them into their friendship and protection.
The United Sates do allot to the Shawanoe nation, lands within
their territory to live and hunt upon, beginning at the south
line of the lands allotted to the Wiandots and Delaware nations,
at the place where the main branch of the Great Miami, which
falls into the Ohio, intersects said line; then down the river
Miami, to the fork of that river, next below the old fort
which was taken by the French in one thousand seven hundred
and fifty-two; thence due west to the river de la Panse; then
down that river to the river Wabash, beyond which lines none
of the citizens of the United States shall settle, nor disturb
the Shawanoes in their settlement and possessions; and the
Shawanoes do relinquish to the United States, all title, or
presence of title, they ever had to the lands east, west and
south, of the east, west and south lines before described.
If any citizen or citizens of the United States, shall presume
to settle upon the lands allotted to the Shawanoes by this
treaty, he or they shall be put out of the protection of the
On testimony whereof, the parties hereunto have affixed their
- G. Clark
- Richard Butler,
- Samuel H. Parsons,
- Aweecony, his x mark
- Kakawipilathy, his x mark,
- Malunthy. his x mark.
- Musquaconocah, his x mark
- Meanymsecah, his x mark,
- Waupaucowela, his x mark,
- Nihipeewa, his x mark
- Nihinessicoe' his x mark,
- Alexander Campbell, Secretary Commissioners
- W. Finney, Maj. B. B.
- Thos. Doyle, Capt. B. B.
- Nathan MeDowell, Ensign
- John Saffenger,
- Henry Govy,
- Kagy Galloway, his x mark,
- John Boggs
- Samuel Montgomery
- Daniel Elliott
- James Rinker,
- Nathaniel Smith,
- Joseph Suffrein, his x mark, or Kemepemo Shawno, Isaac Zane, (Wyandot) his x mark,
- The Half King of the Wyandots,
- The Crane of the Wyandots, their x mark,
- Capt. Pipe, of the Delawares, his x mark,
- Capt. Bohongehelas, his x mark,
- Tetebockshicka, his x mark,
- The Big Cat of the Delawares, his x mark
- Pierre Droullar.
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