Treaty with The Sauk and Foxes
October 21, 1837
Articles of a treaty made at the City of Washington, between
Carey A. Harris, thereto specially authorized by the President
of the United States, and the Sacs and Foxes of Missouri,
by their Chiefs and Delegates.
The Missouri Sac and Fox Indians make the following cessions
to the United States:
First. Of all right or interest in the country between the
Missouri and Mississippi rivers and the boundary line between
the Sac and Fox and the Sioux Indians, described in the second
article of the treaty made with these and other tribes on
the 19th of August 1825, to the full extent to which said
claim was recognized in the third article of said treaty;
and of all interest or claim by virtue of the provisions of
any treaties since made by the United States with the Sacs
Second. Of all the right to locate, for hunting or other
purposes, on the land ceded in the first article of the treaty
of July 15th 1830, which, by the authority therein conferred
on the President of the United States they may be permitted
by him to enjoy.
Third. Of all claims or interest under the treaties of November
3d, 1804, August 4th, 1824, July 15th, 1830, and September
17th, 1836, for the satisfaction of which no appropriations
have been made.
In consideration of the cession contained in the preceding
article, the United States agree to the following stipulations
on their part:
To pay to the said Sacs and Foxes of the Missouri, the sum of
one hundred and sixty thousand dollars ($160,000.)
It is understood and agreed that of the said sum of one hundred
and sixty thousand dollars, ($160,000,) there shall be expended
in the purchase of merchandise to be delivered whenever in
the judgment of the President it may be best for them twenty-five
hundred dollars, ($2,500;) and there shall be paid to Jacques
Mettez, their interpreter, for services rendered, and at their
request, one hundred dollars, ($100.)
To invest the balance of said sum amounting to one hundred and
fifty-seven thousand four hundred dollars ($157,400,) and to guaranty
them an annual income of not less than five per cent. thereon.
To apply the interest herein guaranteed, in the following manner:
For the support of a blacksmith's establishment, one thousand
dollars ($1,000) per annum.
For the support of a farmer, the supply of agricultural implements
and assistance, and other beneficial objects, sixteen hundred
dollars ($1,600) per annum.
For the support of a teacher and the incidental expenses
of a school, seven hundred and seventy dollars ($770) per
The balance of the interest, amounting to forty-five hundred
dollars ($4,500,) shall be delivered at the cost of the United
States, to said Sac and Fox Indians, in money or merchandise,
at the discretion of the President, and at such time and place
as he may direct.
The expenses of this negotiation and of the chiefs and delegates
signing this treaty to this city and to their homes to be
paid by the United States.
This treaty to be binding upon the contracting parties, when
the same shall be ratified by the United States.
In witness whereof, the said Carey A. Harris and the undersigned
chiefs and delegates of said tribe, have hereunto set their
hands at the city of Washington, this 21st day of October
A. D. 1837.
- Po-ko-mah (The Plum)
- Nes-mo-ea (The Wolf)
- Au-ni-mo-ni (The Sun Fish)
- Sa-ka-pa (son of Quash-qua-mi)
- A-ka-ke (The Crow)
In presence of -
- Chauncey Bush, Secretary.
- Joshua Pilcher, Indian Agent.
- W. Thompson.
(To the Indian names are subjoined marks.)
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