Treaty with The Quapaw
November 15, 1824
Articles of a treaty between the United States of America
and the Quapaw Nation of Indians.
The Quapaw Nation of Indians cede to the United States of
America, in consideration of the promises and stipulations
hereinafter made, all claim or title which they may have to
lands in the Territory of Arkansas, comprised in the following
boundaries, to wit: Beginning at a point on the Arkansas river,
opposite to the Post of Arkansas, and running thence a due
south-west course to the Ouachita river; and thence, up the
same, to the Saline Fork; and up the Saline Fork, to a point
from whence a due north-east course will strike the Arkansas
river at Little Rock: and thence down the right (or south
bank) of the Arkansas river to the place of beginning.
In consideration of the cession made in the first article
of this Treaty, by the aforesaid Chiefs and Warriors, the
United States engage to pay to the four head Chiefs of the
Quapaw Nation, the sum of five hundred dollars each, in consideration
of the losses they will sustain by removing from their farms
and improvements. The payment to be made at the time they
receive their annuity for the year 1825. And, also, to the
said nation, the sum of four thousand dollars, to be paid
in goods, at the signing of this Treaty. And the United States
also engage to pay to the Quapaw Nation, one thousand dollars
in specie, annually, for the term of eleven years, in addition
to their present annuity.
The United States hereby guaranty to the said Nation of Indians,
the same right to hunt on the lands by them hereby ceded,
as was guarantied to them by a Treaty, concluded at St. Louis,
on the 24th of August, 1818, between the said Quapaw Nation
of Indians and William Clark and Auguste Choteau, Commissioners
on the part of the United States.
The Quapaw Tribe of Indians will hereafter be concentrated
and confined to the district of country inhabited by the Caddo
Indians, and form a part of said Tribe. The said nation of
Indians are to commence removing to the district allotted
them, before the twentieth day of January, one thousand eight
hundred and twenty-six.
For the purpose of facilitating the removal of the said Tribe,
to the district of country allotted them, and as a compensation
for the losses sustained, and the inconveniences to which
they may be exposed by said removal, the United States will
furnish them with corn, meat, and salt, for six months, from
the first day of January, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-six.
The United States further agree to furnish a sum not exceeding
one thousand dollars, to be expended by their agent, to facilitate
the transportation of the said Tribe to the district of country
herein assigned them. An Agent, Sub Agent, or Interpreter,
shall be appointed to accompany said tribe, and to reside
From the cession aforesaid, there shall be reserved to James
Scull, in consideration of a debt of seven thousand five hundred
dollars, due to him from the Quapaw Nation, and recognized
in open Council, two sections of land commencing on the Arkansas
river, opposite to Mrs. Embree's, and running up and
back from said river for quantity. And the United States guaranty
to the Quapaw Nation the payment of the said debt of seven
thousand five hundred dollars, either by the ratification
of the grant made in this article, or by the payment of said
amount in money, exclusive of the amount stipulated to be
paid to the said nation by this treaty.
There shall be granted by the United States, to the following
persons, being Indians by descent, the following tracts of
Land: To Francois Imbeau, one quarter section of land, commencing
at a point on the Arkansas river, opposite the upper end of
Wright Daniel's farm, and thence, up and back from said
river, for quantity. To Joseph Duchassien, one quarter section
of land, commencing at the lower corner of the quarter section
granted to Francois Imbeau, and running down and back from
said river for quantity. To Saracen, a half breed Quapaw,
eighty acres of land, to be laid off so as to include his
improvement, where he now resides, opposite Vaugine's.
To Batiste Socie, eighty acres of land, laying above and adjoining
Saracen's grant. To Joseph Bonne, eighty acres of land,
lying above and adjoining Socie's grant. To Baptiste
Bonne, eighty acres of land, lying above and adjoining Joseph
Bonne's grant. To Lewis Bartelmi, eighty acres of land,
lying above and adjoining Baptiste Bonne's grant. To
Antoine Duchassin, eighty acres of land, lying above and adjoining
Bartelmi's grant. To Baptiste Imbeau, eighty acres of
land, lying above and adjoining A. Duchassin's grant.
To Francois Coupot, eighty acres of land, lying above and
adjoining Baptiste Imbeau's grant. To Joseph Valliere,
eighty acres of land, lying above and adjoining Francois Coupot's
grant. All the said tracts of land shall be laid off, so as
to conform to the lines of the United States' surveys,
and binding on the Arkansas river.
This treaty shall take effect, and be obligatory on the contracting
parties, so soon as the same shall be ratified by the Senate
of the United States.
In testimony whereof, the commissioner on the part of the
United States, Robert Crittenden, and the undersigned chiefs
and warriors of the said nation, have hereunto subscribed
their names and affixed their seals.
Done at Harrington's, in the territory of Arkansas, on the fifteenth day of November, A. D. one thousand eight hundred and twenty-four, and of the independence of the United States the forty-ninth.
- Robert Crittenden, Commissioner on the part of the United States, [L. S.]
- Hackehton, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Tononseka, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Kiahhacketady, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Sarazen, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Kakapah, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Hunkahkee, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Wahtonbeh, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Hunkatugonee, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Hepahdagonneh, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Wahehsonjekah, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Gratonjekah, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Watuhtezka, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Dohkuhnonjeshu, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Kahtahkonku, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Hahcrontenah, his x mark, [L. S.]
Signed, sealed, and witnessed in presence of -
- Thomas W. Newton, secretary to the commission,
- Robert C. Oden, lieutenant-colonel Second Regiment Arkansas Militia,
- F. Farrelly, adjutant-general of Arkansas Militia,
- B. Harrington.
- D. Barber, S. Agt. to the Osages,
- Gordon Neill,
- Edmund Hogan,
- Thomas W. Johnston,
- Antoine Barrague,
- Etienne Vanyine, interpreter,
- Joseph Duchassin, interpreter.
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