Treaty with The Potawatami
July 18, 1815
A treaty of peace and friendship, made and concluded at
Portage des Sioux between William Clark, Ninian Edwards, and
Auguste Chouteau, Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United
States of America, on the part and behalf of the said States,
of the one part; and the undersigned Chiefs and Warriors of
the Poutawatamie Tribe or Nation, residing on the river Illinois,
on the part and behalf of the said Tribe or Nation, of the
THE parties being desirous of re-establishing peace and friendship
between the United States and the said tribe or nation, and
of being placed in all things, and in every respect, on the
same footing upon which they stood before the war, have agreed
to the following articles:
Every injury or act of hostility by one or either of the
contracting parties against the other, shall be mutually forgiven
There shall be perpetual peace and friendship between all
the citizens of the United States of America, and all the
individuals composing the said Poutawatamie tribe or nation.
The contracting parties hereby agree, promise, and bind themselves,
reciprocally, to deliver up all the prisoners now in their
hands, (by what means soever the same may have come into their
possession,) to the officer commanding at Fort Clarke, on
the Illinois river.
The contracting parties, in the sincerity of mutual friendship,
recognize, re-establish and confirm, all and every treaty,
contract, and agreement, heretofore concluded between the
United States and the Poutawatamie tribe or nation.
In witness of all and every thing herein determined between
the United States of America, and the said Poutawatamie tribe
or nation, residing on the river Illinois: we, their underwritten
commissioners and chiefs aforesaid, by virtue of our full
powers, have signed this definitive treaty, and have caused
our seals to be hereunto affixed. Done at Portage des Sioux,
this eighteenth day of July, in the year of our Lord one thousand
eight hundred and fifteen, and of the independence of the
United States the fortieth.
- William Clark, [L. S.]
- Ninian Edwards, [L. S.]
- Auguste Chouteau, [L. S.]
- Sunawchewome, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Mucketepoke, or Black Partridge, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Neggeneshkek, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Chawcawbeme, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Bendegakewa, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Wapewy, or White Hair, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Outawa, his x mark, [L. S.]
In the presence of -
- R. Wash, secretary of the commission,
- Thomas Forsyth, Indian ag
- N. Boilvin, agent,
- T. Paul, C. M.
- Maurice Blondeaux,
- Manuel Lisa, agent,
- John Miller, colonel Third Infantry,
- Richard Chitwood, Major M.
- Wm. Irvine Adair, capain Third Regiment U. S. Infantry,
- Cyrus Edwards,
- Samuel Solomon,
- Jacques Mette,
- Louis Decouagne,
- John A. Camero, sworn interpreters.
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