Treaty with The Ponca
June 25, 1817
A treaty of peace and friendship mads and concluded between
William Clark and Auguste Chouteau, commissioners on the part
and behalf of the United states of America, of the one part,
and the undersigned chiefs and warriors of the Poncarar tribe
of Indians, on the [their] part and of their said tribe of
the other part.
THE partes being desirous of re-established peace and friendship
between the United States and their said tribe, and of being
placed, in all things and every respect, upon the same footing
upon which they stood before the late war between the United
States and Great Britain, have agreed to the following articles:
Every injury or act of hostility by one or either of the
contracting parties against the other, shall be mutually forgiven
There shall be perpetual peace and friendship between all
the citizens of the United States of America and all the individuals
composing the said Poncarar tribe; and all the friendly relations
that existed between them before the war shall be, and the
same are hereby, renewed.
The undersigned chiefs and warriors, for themselves and their
said tribe, do hereby acknowledge themselves to be under the
protection of the United States of America, and of no other
nation, power, sovereign, whatever.
In witness whereof, the said William Clark and Auguste Chouteau,
commissioners as aforesaid, have hereunto subscribed their
names and affixed their seals, this twenty-fifth day of June,
in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventeen,
and of the independence of the United States the forty-first.
- William Clark, [L. S.]
- Auguste Chouteau, [L. S.]
- Aquelaba, the Fighter, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Gradonga, Fork-tailed Hawk, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Shondagaha, Smoker, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Kihegashinga, Little Chief, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Necawcompe, the Handsome Man, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Ahahpah, the Rough Buffalo Horn, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Showeno, the Comer, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Bardegara, he who stands fire, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Lewis Bissel, acting secretary to the commissioners,
- Manual Liea, United States Indian agent,
- Benja O'Fallon, United States Indian agent,
- R, Graham, Indian agent for Illinois,
- Dr. Wm, J. Clarke,
- B. Vasques,
- Saml. Solomon, interpreter,
- Stephen Julien, United States Indian interpreter,
- Joseph Lafleche, interpreter.
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