Treaty with The Pillager Band of Chippewa Indians
August 21, 1847
Article of a treaty made and concluded at Leech Lake on
the twenty-first day of August, in the year one thousand eight
hundred and forty-seven, between the United States, by their
commissioners, Isaac A. Verplank and Henry M. Rice, and the
Pillager Band of Chippewa Indians, by their chiefs, head-men,
It is agreed that the peace and friendship which exists between
the United States and the Indians, parties to this treaty,
shall be perpetual.
The Pillager band of Chippewa Indians hereby sell and cede
to the United States all the country within the following
boundaries, viz: Beginning at the south end of Otter-Tail
Lake: thence southerly on the boundary-line between the Sioux
and Chippeway Indians to Long Prairie River; thence up said
river to Crow Wing River; thence up Crow Wing River to Leaf
River; thence up Leaf River to the head of said river; and
from thence in a direct line to the place of beginning.
It is stipulated that the country hereby ceded shall be held
by the United States as Indian land, until otherwise ordered
by the President.
In consideration of the foregoing cession, the United States
agree to furnish to the Pillager band of Chippewa Indians
annually, for five years, the following articles: Fifty three-point
Mackinaw blankets, three hundred two and a half point Mackinaw
blankets, fifty one and a half point Mackinaw blankets, three
hundred and forty yards of gray list-cloth, four hundred and
fifty yards of white list scarlet cloth, eighteen hundred
yards of strong dark prints, assorted colors, one hundred
and fifty pounds three-thread gray gilling-twine, seventy-five
pounds turtle-twine, fifty bunches strugeontwine, twenty-five
pounds of linen thread, two hundred combs, five thousand assorted
needles, one hundred and fifty medal looking-glasses, ten
pounds of vermilion, thirty nests (fourteen each) heavy tin
kettles, five hundred pounds of tobacco, and five barrels
of salt. And the United States further agree that at the first
payment made under this treaty, the Indians, parties to this
treaty, shall receive as a present two hundred warranted beaver-traps
and seventy-five north-west guns.
This treaty shall be obligatory upon the parties thereto
when ratified by the President and Senate of the United States.
In testimony whereof, the said Isaac A. Verplank and Henry
M. Rice, commissioners, as aforesaid, and the chiefs, headmen,
and warriors of the Pillager band of Chippewa Indians, have
hereunto set their hands at Leech Lake, this twenty-first
day of August, one thousand eight hundred and forty-seven.
- Isaac A. Verplank.
- Henry M. Rice.
- George Bonja, Interpreter.
- Aish-ke-bo-ge-Koshe, or Flat Mouth, first chief, his x mark.
- Ca-pe-ma-be, or Elder Brother's Son, second chief, his x mark.
- Nia-je-ga-boi, or La Trappe, head warrior, his x mark.
- Ca-gouse, or Small Porcupine, headman, his x mark.
- Pe-ji-ke, or the Buffalo, second warrior, his x mark.
- Ca-ken-ji-wi-nine, or Charcoal, third warrior, his x mark.
- Na-bi-ne-ashe, or the Bird that flies on one side, second headman,
his x mark.
- Ne-ba-coim, or Night Thunder, warrior, his x mark.
- Chang-a-so-ning, or Nine Fingers, third headman, his x mark.
- George Bonja, Interpreter.
- A. Morrison,
- A. R. McLeod.
- J. W. Lynde.
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