Treaty with The Piankeshaw
August 27, 1804
A treaty between the United States of America, and the
Piankeshaw tribe of Indians.
THE President of the United States, by William Henry Harrison,
Governor of the Indiana territory, superintendent of Indian
affairs; and commissioner plenipotentiary of the United States,
for concluding any treaty or treaties which may be found necessary
with any of the Indian tribes north west of the river Ohio;
and the chiefs and head men of the Piankeshaw tribe, have
agreed to the following articles, which when ratified by the
President of the United States, by and with the advice and
consent of the Senate, shall be binding upon the said parties.
The Piankeshaw tribe relinquishes, and cedes to the United
States for ever, all that tract of country which lies between
the Ohio and Wabash rivers, and below Clark's grant;
and the tract called the Vincennes tract, which was ceded
by the treaty of Fort Wayne, and a line connecting the said
tract and grant, to be drawn parallel to the general course
of the road leading from Vincennes to the falls of the Ohio,
so as not to pass more than half a mile to the northward of
the most northerly bend of said road.
The Piankeshaw tribe acknowledges explicitly the right of
the Kaskaskia tribe to sell the country which they have lately
ceded to the United States, and which is separated from the
lands of the Piankeshaws by the ridge or high land which divides
the waters of the Wabash from the waters of the Saline creek;
and by that which divides the waters of the said Wabash from
those which flow into the Au-vase and other branches of the
An additional annuity of two hundred dollars shall be paid
by the United States to the said tribe for ten years, in money,
merchandise, provisions, or domestic animals, and implements
of husbandry, at the option of the said tribe; and this annuity,
together with goods to the value of seven hundred dollars,
which are now delivered to them by the commissioner of the
United States, is considered as a full compensation for the
The United States reserve to themselves the right of dividing
the whole annuity which they pay to the said tribe amongst
the families which compose the same; allowing always a due
proportion for the chiefs: And the said chiefs whenever the
President of the United States may require it, shall, upon
proper notice being given, assemble their tribe, for the purpose
of effecting this arrangement.
In witness whereof, the commissioner plenipotentiary of the
United States, and the chiefs and head men of the said tribe,
have hereunto set their hands and affixed their seals.
Done at Vincennes, in the Indiana territory, the twenty-seventh
day of August, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight
hundred and four, and of the independence of the United States
- William Henry Harrison, [L. S.]
- Wabochquinke, la gros bled, or big corn, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Swekania, trois fesse, or three thighs, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Makatewelama, chien noir, or black dog, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Alemoin, le chien, or the dog, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Kekelanquagoh, or lightning, his x mark, [L. S.]
Signed, sealed and delivered in presence of -
- John Gibson, secretary to the commission,
- John Griffin, one of the judges of the Territory of Indiana,
- Henry Vanderburg, one of the judges of Indiana Territory,
- B. Parke, attorney general of the Territory of Indiana,
- William Prince, sheriff of Knox county, Indiana Ter.,
- George Wallace, jr., of the Indiana Territory,
- Peter Jones, of Knox county, Indiana Ter.,
- Edward Hempstead, attorney at law, Indiana Ter.,
- Abraham F. Snapp,
- Joseph Barron, interpreter.
I do certify, that each and every article of the foregoing
treaty was carefully explained, and precisely interpreted,
by me, to the Piankeshaw chiefs who have signed the same.
- Joseph Barron, interpreter.
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