Treaty with The Piankashaw
December 30, 1805
A treaty between the United States of America and the
Piankishaw tribe of Indians.
ARTICLES of a treaty made at Vincennes, in the Indiana territory,
between William Henry Harrison, governor of the said territory,
superintendent of Indian affairs, and commissioner plenipotentiary
of the United States, for concluding any treaty or treaties
which may be found necessary with any of the Indian tribes
north west of the Ohio, of the one part, and the chiefs and
head men of the Piankishaw tribe, of the other part.
The Piankishaw tribe cedes and relinquishes to the United
States for ever, all that tract of country (with the exception
of the reservation hereinafter made) which lies between the
Wabash and the tract ceded by the Kaskaskia tribe, in the
year one thousand eight hundred and three, and south of a
line to be drawn from the north west corner of the Vincennes
tract, north seventy eight degrees west, until it intersects
the boundary line which has heretofore separated the lands
of the Piankeshaws from the said tract ceded by the Kaskaskia
The United States take the Piankishaw tribe under their immediate
care and patronage, and will extend to them a protection as
effectual as that which is enjoyed by the Kaskaskia tribe;
and the said Piankishaw tribe will never commit any depredations
or make war upon any of the other tribes without the consent
of the United States.
The said United States will cause to be delivered to the
Piankishaws yearly, and every year, an additional annuity
of three hundred dollars, which is to be paid in the same
manner, and under the same conditions as that to which they
are entitled by the treaty of Greenville: Provided always,
That the United States may, at any time they shall think proper,
divide the said annuity amongst the individuals of the said
The stipulations made in the preceding articles, together
with the sum of one thousand one hundred dollars, which is
now delivered, the receipt whereof the said chiefs do hereby
acknowledge, is considered a full compensation for the cession
and relinquishment above mentioned.
As long as the lands now ceded, remain the property of the
United States, the said tribe shall have the privilege of
living and hunting upon them, in the same manner that they
have heretofore done; and they reserve to themselves the right
of locating a tract of two square miles, or twelve hundred
and eighty acres, the fee of which is to remain with them
This treaty shall be in force as soon as it shall be ratified
by the President of the United States, by and with the advice
and consent of the Senate.
In testimony whereof, the said William Henry Harrison, and
the chiefs and head men representing the said Piankeshaw tribe,
have hereunto set their hands and affixed their seals.
Done at Vincennes, on the thirtieth day of December, in the
year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and five, and
of the independence of the United States the thirtieth.
- William Henry Harrison, [L. S.]
- Wabakinklelia, or Gros Bled, [L. S.]
- Pauquia, or Montour, [L. S.]
- Macatiwaaluna, or Chien Noir, [L. S.]
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