Treaty with The Pawnee Marhar
June 22, 1818
A treaty of peace and friendship, made and concluded by,
and between, William Clark and Auguste Chouteau, Commissioners
of the United States of America, on the part and behalf of
the said States, of the one part, and the undersigned, chiefs
and warriors of the Pawnee Marhar tribe, on the part and behalf
of their said tribe, of the other part.
THE parties, being desirous of establishing peace and friendship
between the United States and the said tribe, have agreed
to the following articles:
Every injury or act of hostility, by one or either of the
contracting parties, against the other, shall be mutually
forgiven and forgot.
There shall be perpetual peace and friendship between all
the citizens of the United States of America, and all the
individuals composing the said Pawnee tribe.
The undersigned chiefs and warriors, for themselves and their
said tribe, do hereby acknowledge themselves to be under the
protection of the United States of America, and of no other
nation, power, or sovereign, whatsoever.
The undersigned chiefs and warriors, for themselves and the
tribe they represent, do moreover promise and oblige themselves
to deliver up, or to cause to be delivered up, to the authority
of the United States, (to be punished according to law,) each
and every individual of the said tribe, who shall, at any
time hereafter, violate the stipulations of the treaty this
day concluded between the said Pawnee Marhar tribe and the
In witness whereof, the said William Clark, and Auguste Chouteau,
commissioners as aforesaid, and the chiefs and warriors aforesaid,
have hereunto subscribed their names and affixed their seals,
this twenty-second day of June, in the year of our Lord one
thousand eight hundred and eighteen, and of the independence
of the United States the forty-second.
- Wm. Clark, [L. S.]
- Aug. Chouteau, [L. S.]
- Tarahautacaw, White Bull, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Tearilari Sacki, Red Hawk, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Kakaletahaw, the Crow of other Nations, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Larapa Kouch, the soldier, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Tahorou, the Gun Flint, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Letereeshar, the Knife Chief, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Tearacheticktickspa, the Peace Maker, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Teakahore, the Divider of the Party, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Lahehozrashea, the Presence Striker, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Tarara, the Scalp Bearer, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Teripakoo, the First of Soldiers, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Irarikau, the White Cow, his x mark, [L. S.]
Done at St. Louis, in the presence of -
- R. Wash, secretary to the commission,
- R. Graham, I. A. Illinois Territory,
- John O'Fallon, captain rifle regiment,
- R. Paul, Col. M. M. C. interpreter,
- John Ruland, subagent, trans'r, etc.
- A. L. Papin, interpreter,
- J. T. Honore, Indian interpreter,
- S. Julian, United States Indian interpreter,
- Wm. Grayson,
- Josiah Ramsey,
- John Robedout.
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