Treaty with The Ottawa and Chippewa
July 6, 1820
Articles of a treaty, made and concluded at L'Arbre Croche
and Michilimackinac, in the territory of Michigan, between the United
States of America, by their Commissioner Lewis Cass, and the Ottawa
and Chippewa nations of Indians.
The Ottawa and Chippewa nations of Indians cede to the United States
the Saint Martin Islands in Lake Huron, containing plaster of Paris,
and to be located under the direction of the United States.
The Ottawa and Chippewa nations of Indians acknowledge to have
this day received a quantity of goods in full satisfaction of the
This treaty shall be obligatory on the contracting parties after
the same shall be ratified by the President of the United States,
by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof.
In testimony whereof, the said Lewis Cass, commissioner as aforesaid,
and the chiefs and warriors of the Ottawa and Chippewa nations of
Indians, have hereunto set their hands, at Michilimackinac and L'Arbre
Croche, in the territory of Michigan, this 6th day of July, in the
year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twenty.
- Lewis Cass.
- Skahjenini, his x mark,
- Pahquesegun, or Smoking Weed, his x mark,
- Chemogueman, or Big Knife, his x mark,
- Misesonguay, his x mark,
- Papametaby, his x mark,
- Ceitawa, his x mark,
- Shawanoe, his x mark,
- Oninjuega, or Wing, Ottawa chief, his x mark,
- Cuddimalmese, or Black Hawk, Ottawa chief, his mark,
- Dionesau, his x mark,
- Kojenoikoose, or Long, his x mark,
- Kenojekum, or Pike, his x mark,
- Cachetokee, his x mark,
- Gimoewon, or Rain, his x mark,
- Chiboisquisegun, or Big Gun, his x mark,
- Skubinesse, or Red Bird, his x mark,
- Weashe, his x mark,
- Nebaguam, his x mark,
- Ainse, his x mark,
- Shaganash, or Englishman, his x mark,
- Jed. Morse, D. D.
- Gilbert Knapp,
- Richard C. Morse,
- H. G. Gravenant, sworn interpreter,
- George Boyd, Indian agent.
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