Treaty with The Osage
January 11, 1839
Articles of a treaty made and concluded at Fort Gibson,
west of Arkansas between Brig. General M. Arbuckle, Commissioner
on the part of the United States, and the chiefs, headmen
and warriors of the Great and Little Osage Indians, duly authorized
by their respective bands.
The Great and Little Osage Indians make the following cessions
to the United States.
First, Of all titles or interest in any reservation heretofore
claimed by them within the limits of any other tribe.
Second, Of all claims or interests under the treaties of
November tenth, one thousand eight hundred and eight and June
second, one thousand eight hundred and twenty-five, except
so much of the latter as is contained in the sixth article
thereof and the said Indians bind themselves to remove from
the lands of other tribes, and to remain within their own
In consideration of the cessions and obligations contained
in the preceding article, the United States agree to the following
stipulations on their part.
First, To pay to the said Great and Little Osage Indians,
for the term of twenty years an annuity of twenty thousand
dollars to be paid in the Osage nation, twelve thousand in
money and eight thousand in goods, stock, provisions, or money
as the President may direct.
Second, To furnish the Osage nation, for the term of twenty
years, two blacksmiths and two assistants, the latter to be
taken from the Osage nation, and receive two hundred and twenty-five
dollars each, per year; each smith to be furnished with a
dwelling house shop and tools, and five hundred pounds of
iron, and sixty pounds of steel annually.
Third, To furnish the Osage nation with a grist and saw mill,
a miller to each for fifteen years, and an assistant to each
for eleven years, the latter to be taken from the Osage nation
and receive each two hundred and twenty-five dollars per year;
each miller to be furnished with a dwelling house, and the
Fourth, To supply the said Great and Little Osage Indians
within their country with one thousand cows and calves, two
thousand breeding hogs, one thousand ploughs; one thousand
sets of horse gear; one thousand axes, and one thousand hoes;
to be distributed under the direction of their agent, and
chiefs, as follows, viz: to each family who shall form an
agricultural settlement, one cow and calf, two breeding hogs,
one plough, one set of horse gear, one axe, and one hoe. The
stock tools to be in readiness for delivery, as soon as practicable
after the ratification of this treaty, and the Osages shall
have complied with the stipulations herein contained.
Fifth, To furnish the following named chiefs, viz: Pa-hu-sca,
Clermont, Chiga-wa-sa, Ka-he-gais-tanga, Tawan-ga-hais, Wa-cho
chais, Ni-ka-wa-chin-tanga, Tally, Gui-hira-ba-chais, Baptisté
Mongrain, each with a house worth two hundred dollars; and
the following named chiefs, viz: Chi-to-ka-sa-bais, Wa-ta-ni-ga,
Wa-tier-chi-ga, Chon-ta-sa-bais, Nan-gais-wa-ha-qui hais,
Ka-hi-gais-stier-de-gais, Man-haie-spais-we-te-chis, Chow-gais-mo-non,
Gre-tan-man-sais, Kan-sais-ke-cris, Cho-mi-ka-sais, Man-cha-ki-da-chi-ga,
each with a house worth one hundred dollars, and to furnish
the above named chiefs with six good wagons, sixteen carts,
and twenty-eight yoke of oxen, with a yoke and log chain to
each yoke of oxen, to be delivered to them in their own country,
as soon as practicable after the ratification of this treaty.
Sixth, To pay all claims against said Osages, for depredations
committed by them against other Indians or citizens of the
United States, to an amount not exceeding thirty thousand
dollars, provided that the said claims shall be previously
examined under the direction of the President.
Seventh, To purchase the reservations provided for individuals
in the fifth article of the treaty of June second, one thousand
eight hundred and twenty-five, at not exceeding two dollars
per acre, to be paid to the respective reserves, excepting
however from this provision, the tracts that were purchased
in the fourth article of the treaty with the Cherokees of
December twenty-ninth one thousand eight hundred and thirty-five.
Eighth, To reimburse the sum of three thousand dollars deducted
from their annuity in one thousand eight hundred and twenty-five,
to pay for property taken by them, which they have since returned.
Ninth, To pay to Clermont's band, their portion of the
annuity for one thousand eight hundred and twenty-nine, which
was wrongfully withheld from them, by the agent of the Government,
amounting to three thousand dollars.
This treaty shall be binding on both parties when ratified
by the United States Senate.
In testimony whereof the said Brig. General M. Arbuckle,
commissioner as aforesaid, and the chiefs, headmen, and warriors,
of the Great and Little Osage nation of Indians, have hereunto
set their hands this eleventh day of January, in the year
of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty-nine.
- M. Arbuckle, Brevet Brigadier General, U. S. Army.
- Baptisti Mongrain,
- Wa-han-ga-tier Econ-Chais,
- B. Riley, Major fourth, Infantry.
- James R. Stephenson, captain, Seventh Regiment Infantry.
- W. Seawell, captain, Seventh Infantry.
- D. P. Whiting, lieutenant, Seventh Infantry.
- R. C. Gatlin, adjutant, Seventh Infantry.
- P. S. G. Cooke, captain, First Dragoons.
- Jno. B. Shepherd, lieutenant, Seventh Infantry.
- C. Hanson, lieutenant, Seventh Infantry.
- P. Z. Chouteau.
- Frank Ritchie.
- M. Giraud.
- Danl. Boyd.
- Geo. R. Beard.
- Leo. Wetmore.
- Baptiste Mongrain, Osage interpreter.
- Lieut. S. G. Simmons, Seventh Infantry, secretary to the commission.
(To the Indian names are subjoined marks.)
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