Treaty with The Oneida, etc (Veterans Treaty)
December 2nd, 1794
A treaty between the United States and the Oneida, Tuscorora
and Stockbridge Indians, dwelling in the Country of the Oneidas.
Whereas, in the late war between Great-Britain and the United
States of America, a body of the Oneida and Tuscorora and
the Stockbridge Indians, adhered faithfully to the United
States, and assisted them with their warriors; and in consequence
of this adherence and assistance, the Oneidas and Tuscororas,
at an unfortunate period of the war, were driven from their
homes, and their houses were burnt and their property destroyed:
And as the United States in the time of their distress, acknowledged
their obligations to these faithful friends, and promised
to reward them: and the United States being now in a condition
to fulfil the promises then made: the following articles are
stipulated by the respective parties for that purpose; to
be in force when ratified by the President and Senate.
The United States will pay the sum of five thousand dollars,
to be distributed among individuals of the Oneida and Tuscorora
nations, as a compensation for their individual losses and
services during the late war between Great-Britain and the
United States. The only man of the Kaughnawaugas now remaining
in the Oneida country, as well as some few very meritorious
persons of the Stockbridge Indians, will be considered in
For the general accommodation of these Indian nations, residing
in the country of the Oneidas, the United States will cause
to be erected a complete grist-mill and saw-mill, in a situation
to serve the present principal settlements of these nations.
Or if such one convenient situation cannot be found, then
the United States will cause to be erected two such grist-mills
and saw-mills, in places where it is now known the proposed
accommodation may be effected. Of this the United States will
The United States will provide, during three years after
the mills shall be completed, for the expense of employing
one or two suitable persons to manage the mills, to keep them
in repair, to instruct some young men of the three nations
in the arts of the miller and sawyer, and to provide teams
and utensils for carrying on the work of the mills.
The United States will pay one thousand dollars, to be applied
in building a convenient church at Oneida, in the place of
the one which was there burnt by the enemy, in the late war.
In consideration of the above stipulations to be performed
on the part of the United States, the Oneida, Tuscorora and
Stockbridge Indians afore-mentioned, now acknowledge themselves
satisfied, and relinquish all other claims of compensation
and rewards for their losses and services in the late war.
Excepting only the unsatisfied claims of such men of the said
nations as bore commissions under the United States, for any
arrears which may be due to them as officers.
In witness whereof, the chiefs of those nations, residing
in the country of the Oneidas, and Timothy Pickering, agent
for the United States have hereto set their hands and seals,
at Oneida, the second day of December, in the year one thousand
seven hundred and ninety four.
- Odotsaihte, his x mark,
- Konnoquenyau, his x mark,
- Head sachems of the Oneidas.
- John Skenendo, eldest war chief, his x mark,
- Lodowik Kohsanwetau,his x mark,
- Cornelius Kauhiktoton, his x mark,
- Thos. Osauhataugaunlot, his x mark
- War chiefs.
- Shonohleyo, warchief, his x mark,
- Peter Konnauterlook, sachelll, his x mark.
- Daniel Teouneslees, son of Sken endo. war chief. his x Clark
- Thaulondauwaugon, sachem, his x mark,
- Kanatjogh, or Nicholas Cusiek, war chief, his x mark,
Witnesses to the signing and sealing of the agent of the United States, and of the chiefs of the Oneida and Tuscarora nations:
- S. Kirkland,
- James Dean, Interpreter.
Witnesses to the signing and sealing of the four chiefs of the Stockbridge Indians, whose names are below:
- Saml. Kirkland,
- John Sergeant.
- Hendrick Aupaumut,
- Joseph Quonney,
- John Konkapot,
- Jacob Konkapot.
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