Treaty with The Oneida
February 3, 1838
Articles of a treaty made at the City of Washington between
Carey A. Harris, thereto specially directed by the President
of the United States and the First Christian and Orchard parties
of the Oneida Indians residing at Green Bay, by their chiefs
THE First Christian and Orchard parties of Indians cede to
the United States all their title and interest in the land
set apart for them in the 1st article of the treaty with the
Menomonies of February 8th, 1831, and the 2d article of the
treaty with the same tribe of October 27th, 1832.
From the foregoing cession there shall be reserved to the
said Indians to be held as other Indian lands are held a tract
of land containing one hundred (100) acres, for each individual,
and the lines of which shall be so run as to include all their
settlements and improvements in the vicinity of Green Bay.
In consideration of the cession contained in the 1st article
of this treaty, the United States agree to pay to the Orchard
party of the Oneida Indians three thousand (3000) dollars,
and to the First Christian party of Oneida Indians thirty
thousand five hundred (30,500) dollars, of which last sum
three thousand (3,000) dollars may be expended under the supervision
of the Rev. Solomon Davis, in the erection of a church and
parsonage house, and the residue apportioned, under the direction
of the President among the persons having just claims thereto;
it being understood that said aggregate sum of thirty-three
thousand five hundred (33,500) dollars is designed to be in
reimbursement of monies expended by said Indians and in remuneration
of the services of their chiefs and agents in purchasing and
securing a title to the land ceded in the 1st article. The
United States further agree to cause the tracts reserved in
the 2d article to be surveyed as soon as practicable.
In consideration of the sum of five hundred (500) dollars
to be paid to him by the chiefs and representatives of the
said parties of Oneida Indians, John Denny (alias John Sundown,)
their interpreter agrees to relinquish to them all his title
and interest in the tract reserved in the 2d article of this
It is understood and agreed that the expenses of this treaty
and of the chiefs and representatives signing it, in coming
to and returning from this city, and while here, shall be
paid by the United States.
This treaty to be binding upon the contracting parties when
the same shall be ratified by the United States.
In witness whereof, the said Carey A. Harris and the undersigned
chiefs and representatives of the said parties of Oneida Indians
have hereunto set their hands at the City of Washington, this
third day of February 1838.
C. A. Harris.
- Henry Powles,
- John Denny, alias John Sundown,
- Adam Swamp,
- Daniel Bread.
In presence of -
- Geo. W. Jones, Delegate Wisconsin Territory.
- Solomon Davis.
- Alfred Iverson.
- O. S. Hall.
- Jas. P. Maury.
- Charles E. Mix.
- Charles J. Love.
- John Denny, alias John Sundown, Interpreter.
- (To the Indian names are subjoined marks.)
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