Treaty with The Menominee
February 11, 1856
Whereas a treaty was entered into at Stockbridge, in the
State of Wisconsin, on the fifth of the present month, between
the United States of America on the one part, and the Stockbridge
and Munsee tribes of Indians on the other, stipulating that
a new home shall be furnished to the said Stockbridge and
Munsee Indians, near the south line of the Menomonee reservation;
Whereas the United States desire to locate said Stockbridges
and Munsees near the said line in the western part of the
said reservation, on lands on which no permanent settlements
have been made by the Menomonees; and
Whereas there is no objection on the part of the Menomonees
to the location of the Stockbridges and Munsees in their neighborhood,
therefore this agreement and convention has been entered into.
Articles of agreement made and concluded at Keshena, State
of Wisconsin, on the eleventh day of February, in the year
of our Lord eighteen hundred and fifty-six, between Francis
Huebschmann, commissioner on the part of the United States,
and the Menomonee tribe of Indians, assembled in general council.
The Menomonee tribe of Indians cede to the United States
a tract of land, not to exceed two townships in extent, to
be selected in the western part of their present reservation
on its south line, and not containing any permanent settlements
made by any of their number, for the purpose of locating thereon
the Stockbridge and Munsee Indians, and such others of the
New York Indians as the United States may desire to remove
to the said location within two years from the ratification
The United States agree to pay for the said cession, in case
the said New York Indians will be located on the said lands,
at the rate of sixty cents per acre; and it is hereby stipulated,
that the monies so to be paid shall be expended in a like
manner, to promote the improvement of the Menomonees, as is
stipulated by the third article of the treaty of May twelfth,
eighteen hundred and fifty-four, for the expenditure of the
forty thousand dollars which had been set aside for their
removal and subsistence, west of the Mississippi, by the treaty
of October eighteenth, eighteen hundred and forty-eight.
To promote the welfare and the improvement of the said Menomonees,
and friendly relations between them and the citizens of the
United States, it is further stipulated -
1. That in case this agreement and the treaties made previously
with the Menomonees should prove insufficient, from causes
which cannot now been [be] foreseen, to effect the said objects,
the President of the United States may, by and with the advice
and consent of the Senate, adopt such policy in the management
of the affairs of the Menomonees as in his judgment may be
most beneficial to them; or Congress may, hereafter, make
such provision by law as experience shall prove to be necessary.
2. That the Menomonees will suppress the use of ardent spirits
among their people, and resist, by all prudent means, its
introduction in their settlements.
3. That the President of the United States, if deemed by
him conducive to the welfare of the Menomonees, may cause
their annuity monies to be paid to them in semi-annual or
4. That all roads and highways, laid out by authority of
law, shall have right of way through the lands of the said
Indians on the same terms as are provided by law for their
location through lands of citizens of the United States.
This instrument shall be binding upon the contracting parties
whenever the same shall be ratified by the President and Senate
of the United States.
In testimony whereof, the said Francis Huebschmann, commissioner
as aforesaid, and the chiefs and headmen of the said Menomonee
tribe, in presence and with the consent of the warriors and
young men of the said tribe, assembled in general council,
have hereunto set their hands and seals at the place and on
the day and year hereinbefore written.
- Francis Huebschmann. [L. S.] Commissioner on the part of the United States.
- Osh-kosh, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Sho-ne-niew, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Ke-she-na, his x mark. [L. S.]
- La-motte, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Pe-quah-kaw-nah, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Car-ron, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Wau-ke-chon, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Ah-kamote, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Ah-yah-metah, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Osh-ke-he-na-niew, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Kotch-kaw-no-naew, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Sho-ne-on, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Wa-pa-massaew, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Naw-no-ha-toke, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Match-a-kin-naew, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Mah-mah-ke-wet, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Ko-man-e-kim, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Shaw-puy-tuck, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Oken-a-po-wet, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Way-taw-say, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Naw-kaw-chis-ka, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Wa-ta-push, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Py-aw-wah-say, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Way-aich-kiew, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Ay-oh-sha, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Mo-sha-hart, his x mark. [L. S.]
Signed and sealed in presence of -
- Benja Hunkins, Indian agent.
- Talbot Pricket, United States interpreter.
- Theodore Koven, secretary to commissioner.
- John Wiley.
- R. Otto Skolla.
- H. L. Murny.
- Benjamin Rice.
- John Werdchaff.
- Stephen Canfield.
- Thomas Heaton.
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