Treaty with The Makah
July 20, 1815
A treaty of peace and friendship, made and concluded between
William Clark, Ninian Edwards, and Auguste Chouteau, Commissioners
Plenipotentiary of the United States of America, on the part
and behalf of the said States, of the one part; and the Chiefs
and Warriors of the Mahas, on the part and behalf of said
Tribe or Nation, of the other part.
THE parties desirous of re-establishing peace and friendship
between the United States and the said tribe or nation, and
of being placed in all things, and in every respect, on the
same footing upon which they stood before the late war between
the United States and Great Britain, have agreed to the following
Every injury or act of hostility committed by one or either
of the contracting parties against the other, shall be mutually
forgiven and forgot.
There shall be perpetual peace and friendship between all
the citizens of the United States of America and all the individuals
composing the tribe or nation of the Mahas, and all friendly
relations that existed between them before the war, shall
be, and the same are hereby, renewed.
The undersigned chiefs and warriors, for themselves and their
said tribe or nation, do hereby acknowledge themselves and
their tribe or nation to be under the protection of the United
States, and of no other nation, power, or sovereign, whatsoever.
In witness whereof, the said William Clark, Ninian Edwards,
and Auguste Chouteau, commissioners as aforesaid, and the
chiefs and warriors of the aforesaid tribe or nation, have
hereunto subscribed their names and affixed their seals, this
twentieth day of July, in the year of our Lord one thousand
eight hundred and fifteen, and of the independence of the
United States the fortieth.
- William Clark, [L. S.]
- Ninian Edwards, [L. S.]
- Auguste Chouteau, [L. S.]
- Oupaatanga, or the big elk, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Washcamanie, or the hard walker, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Kaaheeguia, or the old chief, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Waanowrabai, or the blackbird's grandson, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Osogagee, or the point maker, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Toireechee, or the cow's rib, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Manshaquita, or the little soldier, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Pissinguai, or he who has no gall, his x mark, [L. S.]
Done at Portage des Sioux, in presence of -
- R. Wash, secretary to the commission,
- John Miller, colonel Third Infantry,
- R. Paul, C. T. of the C.
- Edw. Hall, lieutenant late Twenty-eighth Infantry,
- John B. Clark, adjutant Third Infantry,
- Manuel Lisa, agent,
- Thos. Forsyth, Indian agent,
- J. W. Johnson, Indian agent,
- Louis Decouagne,
- Louis Dorion,
- John A. Cameron,
- Jacques Mette.
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