Treaty with The Kickapoo
December 9, 1809
A treaty between the United States of America and the
Kickapoo tribe of Indians.
WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON, governor of the Indiana territory
and commissioner plenipotentiary of the United States for
treating with the Indian tribes north west of the Ohio, and
the Sachems and war chiefs of the Kickapoo tribe, on the part
of said tribe, have agreed on the following articles, which,
when ratified by the President, by and with the advice of
the Senate, shall be binding on said parties.
The ninth article of the treaty concluded at Fort Wayne on
the thirtieth of September last, and the cession it containes
is hereby agreed to by the Kickapoos, and a permanent additional
annuity of four hundred dollars, and goods to the amount of
eight hundred dollars, now delivered, is to be considered
as a full compensation for the said cession.
The said tribe further agrees to cede to the United States
all that tract of land which lies between the tract above
ceded, the Wabash, the Vermillion river, and a line to be
drawn from the North corner of the said ceded tract, so as
to strike the Vermilion river at the distance of twenty miles
in a direct line from its mouth. For this cession a further
annuity of one hundred dollars, and the sum of seven hundred
dollars in goods now delivered, is considered as a full compensation.
But if the Miamies should not be willing to sanction the latter
cession, and the United States should not think proper to
take possession of the land without their consent, they shall
be released from the obligation to pay the additional annuity
of one hundred dollars.
The stipulations contained in the treaty of Greenville, relatively
to the manner of paying the annuity and of the right of the
Indians to hunt upon the land, shall apply to the annuity
granted and the land ceded by the present treaty.
In testimony whereof, the said William Henry Harrison, and
the sachems and head war chiefs of the said tribe, have hereunto
set their hands and affixed their seals, this ninth day of
December, one thousand eight hundred and nine.
- William Henry Harrison, [L. S.]
- Joe Renard, Nemahson, or a Man on his Feet, his x mark, [L.
- Knoshania, or the Otter, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Wakoah, or Fox Hair, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Nonoah, or a Child at the Breast, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Moquiah, or the Bear Skin, his x mark, [L. S.]
Signed in the presence of (the word "seven" in the second article
being written upon an erasure):
- Peter Jones, secretary to the Commissioner,
- George Wallace, jun., justice of peace,
- K. Jno. Gibson, secretary Indiana Territory,
- Will. Jones, justice of peace,
- E. Stout, justice of peace,
- Charles Smith, of Vincennes,
- Hyacinthe Lasselle, of Vincennes,
- Dom. Lacroix, of Vincennes,
- Joseph Barron, interpreter.
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