Treaty with The Kansa
January 14, 1846
Articles of a treaty made and concluded at the Methodist
Mission, in the Kansas country, between Thomas H. Harvey and
Richard W. Cummins, commissioners of the United States, and
the Kansas tribe of Indians.
The Kansas tribe of Indians cede to the United States two
millions of acres of land on the east part of their country,
embracing the entire width, thirty miles, and running west
In consideration of the foregoing cession, the United States
agree to pay to the Kansas Indians two hundred and two thousand
dollars, two hundred thousand of which shall be funded at
five per cent., the interest of which to be paid annually
for thirty years, and thereafter to be diminished and paid
pro rata, should their numbers decrease, but not otherwise - that
is: the Government of the United States shall pay them the
full interest for thirty years on the amount funded, and at
the end of that time, should the Kansas tribe be less than
at the first payment, they are only to receive pro rata the
sums paid them at the first annuity payment. One thousand
dollars of the interest thus accruing shall be applied annually
to the purposes of education in their own country; one thousand
dollars annually for agricultural assistance, implements,
&c.; but should the Kansas Indians at any time be so far
advanced in agriculture as to render the expenditure for agricultural
assistance unnecessary, then the one thousand dollars above
provided for that purpose shall be paid them in money with
the balance of their annuity; the balance, eight thousand
dollars, shall be paid them annually in their own country.
The two thousand dollars not to be funded shall be expended
in the following manner: first, the necessary expenses in
negotiating this treaty; second, four hundred dollars shall
be paid to the Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal
Church for their improvements on the land ceded in the first
article; third, six hundred dollars shall be applied to the
erection of a mill in the country in which the Kansas shall
settle for their use, it being in consideration of their mill
on the land ceded in the first article. The balance to be
placed in the hands of their agent, as soon after the ratification
of this treaty as practicable, for the purpose of furnishing
the said Kansas Indians with provisions for the present year.
In order that the Kansas Indians may know the west line of
the land which they have ceded by this treaty, it is agreed
that the United States shall, as soon as may be convenient
in the present year, cause the said line to be ascertained
and marked by competent surveyors.
The Kansas Indians are to move from the lands ceded to the
United States, by the first article of this treaty, by the
first day of May, 1847.
As doubts exist whether there is a sufficiency of timber
on the land remaining to the Kansas, after taking off the
land ceded in the first article of this treaty, it is agreed
by the contracting parties, that after the western line of
the said cession shall be ascertained, [and] the President
of the United States shall be satisfied that there is not
a sufficiency of timber, he shall cause to be selected and
laid off for the Kansas a suitable country, near the western
boundary of the land ceded by this treaty, which shall remain
for their use forever. In consideration of which, the Kansas
nation cede to the United States the balance of the reservation
under the treaty of June 3, 1825, and not ceded in the first
article of this treaty.
In consideration of the great distance which the Kansas Indians
will be removed from the white settlements and their present
agent, and their exposure to difficulties with other Indian
tribes, it is agreed that the United States shall cause to
reside among the Kansas Indians a sub-agent, who shall be
especially charged with the direction of their farming operations,
and general improvement, and to be continued as long as the
President of the United States should consider it advantageous
to the Kansas.
Should the Government of the United States be of opinion
that the Kansas Indians are not entitled to a smith under
the fourth article of the treaty of June 3, 1825, it is agreed
that a smith shall be supported out of the one thousand dollars
provided in the fourth article for agricultural purposes.
In testimony whereof, Thomas H. Harvey and Richard W. Cummins,
Commissioners, [and] the Chiefs and Principal Men of the Kansas
tribe of Indians have, this the 14th day of January one thousand
eight hundred and forty-six, set their hands and seals at
the Methodist Kansas Mission.
- Th. H. Harvey,
- Rich. W. Cummins, Commissioners.
- Ki-hi-ga-wah-chuffe, or Hard Chief,
- Me-cho-shin-gah, or Broken Thigh,
- Ish-tal-a-sa, or Speckled Eyes,
- James M. Simpson, secretary,
- Clement Lesserts, interpreter,
- John T. Peery,
- John D. Clark,
- Chs. Choteau,
- Seth M. Hays,
- Nelson Henrys,
- R. M. Parrett.
(To the names of the Indians are added their marks.)
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