Treaty with The Foxes
September 14, 1815
A treaty of peace and friendship, made and concluded at
Portage des Sioux between William Clark, Ninian Edwards, and
Auguste Chouteau, Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United
States of America, on the part and behalf of the said States,
of the one part; and the undersigned King, Chiefs, and Warriors,
of the Fox Tribe or Nation, on the part and behalf of the
said Tribe or nation, of the other part.
The parties being desirous of re-establishing peace and friendship
between the United States and the said tribe or nation, and
of being placed in all things, and in every respect, on the
same footing upon which they stood before the war, have agreed
to the following articles:
Every injury or act of hostility by one or either of the
contracting parties against the other, shall be mutually forgiven
There shall be perpetual peace and friendship between the
citizens of the United States of America and all the individuals
composing the said Fox tribe or nation.
The contracting parties do hereby agree, promise, and oblige
themselves, reciprocally, to deliver up all the prisoners
now in their hands, (by what means soever the same may have
come into their possession,) to the officer commanding at
Fort Clark, on the Illinois river, to be by him restored to
their respective nations as soon as it may be practicable.
The said Fox tribe or nation do hereby assent to, recognize,
re-establish, and confirm, the treaty of St. Louis, which
was concluded on the third day of November, one thousand eight
hundred and four, to the full extent of their interest in
the same, as well as all other contracts and agreements between
the parties; and the United States promise to fulfill all
the stipulations contained in the said treaty in favor of
the said Fox tribe or nation.
In witness whereof, the said William Clark, Ninian Edwards,
and Auguste Chouteau, commissioners as aforesaid, and the
aforesaid king, chiefs and warriors of the Fox tribe or nation,
aforesaid, have hereunto subscribed their names and affixed
their seals this fourteenth day of September, in the year
of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifteen, and of
the independence of the United States the fortieth.
- Wm. Clark, [L. S.]
- Ninian Edwards, [L. S.]
- Auguste Chouteau, [L. S.]
- Pierremaskkin, the fox who walks crooked, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Muckkatawagout, black cloud, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Namasosanamet, he who surpasses all others, his x mark, [L.
- Waapaca, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Mackkatananamakee, the black thunder, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Pashechenene, the liar, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Wapasai, the white skin, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Catchacommu, big lake, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Malasenokama, the war chief, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Kechaswa, the sun, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Mataqua, the medical woman, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Paquampa, the bear that sits, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Aquoqua, the kettle, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Nemarqua, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Machenamau, the bad fish, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Pesotaka, the flying fish, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Mishecaqua, the hairy legs, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Capontwa, all at once, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Mowhinin, the wolf, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Omquo, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Wonakasa, the quick riser, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Nauatawaka, the scenting fox, his x mark, [L. S.]
Done at Portage des Sioux, in the presence of -
- R. Wash, secretary to the commission,
- Thomas Levens, lieutenant colonel, commandant
- First Regiment, I. T.
- P. Chouteau, agent,
- T. Paul, C. C. T.
- James B. Moore, captain,
- Samuel Whiteside, captain,
- Jno. W. Johnson, United States factor and Indian agent,
- Maurice Blondeaux.
- Samuel Solomon,
- Noel Mograine,
- Daniel Converse, third lieutenant.
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