Treaty with The Delawares
September 24, 1829
Supplementary article to the Delaware Treaty, concluded
at St. Mary's in the State of Ohio, on the 3d of October,
WHEREAS the foregoing Treaty stipulates that the United States
shall provide for the Delaware Nation, a country to reside
in, West of the Mississippi, as the permanent residence of
their Nation; and whereas the said Delaware Nation, are now
willing to remove, on the following conditions, from the country
on James fork of White river in the State of Missouri, to
the Country selected in the fork of the Kansas and Missouri
River, as recommended by the government, for the permanent
residence of the whole Delaware Nation; it is hereby agreed
upon by the parties, that the country in the fork of the Kansas
and Missouri Rivers, extending up the Kansas River, to the
Kansas Line, and up the Missouri River to Camp Leavenworth,
and thence by a line drawn Westwardly, leaving a space ten
miles wide, north of the Kansas boundary line, for an outlet;
shall be conveyed and forever secured by the United States,
to the said Delaware Nation, as their permanent residence:
And the United States hereby pledges the faith of the government
to guarantee to the said Delaware Nation forever, the quiet
and peaceable possession and undisturbed enjoyment of the
same, against the claims and assaults of all and every other
And the United States hereby agrees to furnish the Delaware
Nation with forty horses, to be given to their poor and destitute
people, and the use of six wagons and ox-teams, to assist
the nation in removing their heavy articles to their permanent
home; and to supply them with all necessary farming utensils
and tools necessary for building houses, and to supply them
with provisions on their journey, and with one year's
provisions after they get to their permanent residence; and
to have a grist and saw mill erected for their use, within
two years after their complete removal.
And it is hereby expressly stipulated and agreed upon by
the parties, that for and in consideration of the full and
entire relinquishment by the Delaware Nation of all claim
whatever to the country now occupied by them in the State
of Missouri, the United States shall pay to the said Delaware
Nation, an additional permanent annuity of one thousand dollars.
And it is further stipulated that thirty-six sections of
the best land within the limits hereby relinquished, shall
be selected under the direction of the President of the United
States, and sold for the purpose of raising a fund, to be
applied under the direction of the President, to the support
of schools for the education of Delaware children.
It is agreed upon by the parties that this supplementary
article shall be concluded in part only, at this time, and
that a deputation of a Chief, or Warrior, from each town with
their Interpretor shall proceed with the Agent to explore
the country more fully, and if they approve of said country,
to sign their names under ours, which shall be considered
as finally concluded on our part; and after the same shall
be ratified by the President and Senate of the United States,
shall be binding on the contracting parties.
In testimony whereof the United States Indian agent, and
the chiefs and warriors of the Delaware nation of Indians,
have hereunto set their hands at Council camp, on James's
fork of White river, in the State of Missouri, this 24th day
of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred
- Geo. Vashon, United States Indian agent,
- Wm. Anderson, principal chief, his x mark,
- Capt. Paterson, 2nd chief, his x mark,
- Pooshies, or the cat, his x mark,
- Capt. Suwaunock, whiteman, his x mark,
- Jonny Quick, his x mark,
- John Gray, his x mark,
- George Guirty, his x mark,
- Capt. Beaver, his x mark,
- Naunotetauxien, his x mark,
- Little Jack, his x mark,
- Capt. Pipe, his x mark,
- Big Island, his x mark.
Signed in presence of -
- James Connor, Delaware interpreter,
- Anthy's Shane, Shawanee interpreter.
These last six chiefs and warriors having been deputed to
examine the country, have approved of it, and signed their
names at Council camp in the fork of the Kansas and Missouri
river, on the 19th October, 1829.
- Nauochecaupauc, his x mark.
- Nungailautone, his x mark,
- James Gray, his x mark.
- Sam Street, his x mark,
- Aupaneek, his x mark,
- Outhteekawshaweat, his x mark.
In presence of -
- Anthy's Shane, interpreter,
- James Conner, interpreter,
- Baptiste Peoria, interpreter.
I hereby certify the above to be a true copy from the original
in my possession,
United States Indian agent.
Indian agency, near Kansas river, 24th October, 1829.
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