Treaty with The Confederated Oto and Missouri
December 9, 1854
Article of agreement and convention made and concluded at Nebraska
City, in the Territory of Nebraska, on the ninth day of December,
one thousand eight hundred and fifty-four, between the United States
of America, by George Hepner, United States' Indian agent, duly
authorized thereto, and the chiefs and headmen of the confederate
tribes of the Ottoe and Missouria Indians, to be taken and considered
as a supplement to the treaty made between the United States and
said confederate tribes, on the fifteenth day of March, one thousand
eight hundred and fifty-four.
Whereas, by the first article of the treaty in the caption mentioned,
it is stipulated that the confederate tribes of the Ottoe and Missouria
Indians cede to the United States all their country west of the
Missouri River, excepting a strip of land on the waters of the Big
Blue River, ten miles in width, and bounded as follows: commencing
at a point in the middle of the main branch of the Big Blue River,
in a west or southwest direction from old Fort Kearney, at a place
called by the Indians the "Islands;" thence west to the western
boundary of the country hereby ceded; thence in a northerly course
with said western boundary ten miles; thence east to a point due
north of the starting point, and ten miles therefrom; thence to
the place of beginning.
And whereas, upon exploration of said reservation by the said confederate
tribes, it was found that they had been mistaken as to the location
thereof, much the larger portion, or nearly the entirety of it,
being to the west of the Big Blue River, and without sufficiency
of timber, and they being dissatisfied therewith, and the United
States being desirous of removing all cause of complaint, this article
is entered into.
It is agreed and stipulated, between the United States and the
said confederate tribes of Ottoe and Missouria Indians, that the
initial point of their reservation, in lieu of that stated in the
treaty, in the caption hereof mentioned, shall be a point five miles
due east thereof, thence west twenty-five miles, thence north ten
miles, thence east to a point due north of the starting point and
ten miles therefrom, thence to the place of beginning; and the country
embraced within said boundaries shall be taken and considered as
the reservation and home of said confederate tribes, in lieu of
that provided for them and described in the first article of said
In witness whereof the said George Hepner and the undersigned chiefs
and head men of the said Confederate tribes of Ottoes and Missourias,
have hereunto set their hands and seals, at the place and on the
day and year above written.
- George Hepner, [Seal.]
- United States Indian agent.
- Hick Kapoo, his x mark. [Seal.]
- Bil Soldier, his x mark. [Seal.]
- Chi-an-a-ka, or Buffalo Chief, his x mark. [Seal.]
- Missouri Chief, his x mark. [Seal.]
- White Water, his x mark. [Seal.]
Executed in the presence of-
- Lewis Bernard, his x mark,
- U. S. interpreter.
- H. P. Downs.
- John Baulware.
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