Treaty with The Chocktaw
November 4, 1854
Whereas a convention and agreement was made and entered into
by the Choctaw and Chickasaw Indians, at Doaksville, near
Fort Towson, in the Choctaw country, on the seventeenth day
of January, A. D. one thousand eight hundred and thirty-seven;
and, whereas, difficulties have arisen between said tribes
in regard to the line of boundary, between the Chickasaw district
and other districts of the Choctaw nation, described in article
second of said convention and agreement; and, whereas, it
is the desire of the said tribes, that there shall no longer
exist any dispute in regard to the boundary of the Chickasaw
district, the undersigned, Thomas J. Pitchlynn, Edmund McKenny,
R. M. Jones, Daniel Folsom, and Samuel Garland, commissioners
duly appointed and empowered by the Choctaw tribe of red people;
and Edmund Pickens, Benjamin S. Love, James T. Gaines, Sampson
Folsom, and Edmund Perry, commissioners duly appointed and
empowered by the Chickasaw tribe of Indians, to settle all
matters in dispute between their respective tribes, which
require new articles of agreement between them, have solemnly
made the following articles of convention and agreement, on
the fourth day of November, A. D. one thousand eight hundred
and fifty-four, at Doaksville, near Fort Towson, in the Choctaw
country, subject to the approval of the President and the
Senate of the United States.
It is agreed by the Choctaw and Chickasaw tribes of Indians,
in lieu of the boundaries established under article second
of the convention and agreement entered into between said
tribes, January 17th, A. D. 1837, the Chickasaw district of
the Choctaw nation shall be bounded as follows, viz: Beginning
on the north bank of the Red River, at the mouth of Island
Bayou, where it empties into the Red River, about twenty-six
miles on a straight line, below the mouth of False Wachitta,
thence running a northwesterly course, along the main channel
of said bayou to the junction of three prongs of said bayou
nearest the dividing ridge between Wachitta and Low Blue rivers,
as laid down upon Capt. R. L. Hunter's map; thence, northerly
along the eastern prong of Island Bayou to its source; thence,
due north to the Canadian River, thence west, along the main
Canadian, to one hundred degrees of west longitude; thence
south to Red River, and down Red River to the beginning: Provided,
however, if the line running due north from the eastern source
of Island Bayou to the main Canadian shall not include Allen's
or Wa-pa-nacka academy within the Chickasaw district, then
an offset shall be made from said line so as to leave said
academy two miles within the Chickasaw district, north, west,
and south from the lines of boundary.
It is agreed by the Choctaws, that the Chickasaws employ
a surveyor or engineer to run out and mark the eastern line
of the Chickasaw district, and by the Chickasaws that they
will pay all expenses incurred in running out and marking
said line; and it is mutually agreed that the chiefs of each
district of the Choctaw nation shall appoint one commissioner
to attend and supervise the running and marking of said line;
the chief of the Chickasaw district giving them at least thirty
days' notice of the time when the surveyor or engineer will
proceed to run out and mark the line agreed upon; which shall
be plainly marked upon trees, where there is timber, and by
permanent monuments of stone, at every mile, where there is
not sufficient timber upon which the line can be marked in
a permanent manner, before the first day of August, A. D.
one thousand eight hundred and fifty-five.
In testimony whereof, the parties to this convention and
agreement have hereunto subscribed their names and affixed
Done in triplicate at Doaksville, near Fort Towson, Choctaw
Nation, the day and year first above written.
- Thos. J. Pitchlynn, [L. S.]
- Edmund McKenny, [L. S.]
- R. M. Jones, [L. S.]
- Daniel Folsom, [L. S.]
- Samuel Garland, [L. S.]
- Commissioners on the part of Choctaws.
- Edmund Pickens [L. S.]
- Benjamin S. Love, [L. S.]
- James T. Gaines, [L. S.]
- Sampson Folsom, [L. S.]
- Edmund Perry, [L. S.]
- Commissioners on the part of the Chickasaws.
In presence of -
- Geo. W. Harkins,
- Peter Folsom,
- Nicholas Cochnaner,
- Jackson Frazier,
- Chiefs of the Choctaw Nation.
- Douglas H. Cooper, United States Indian agent.
- William K. McKean.
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