Treaty with The Cherokee
October 27, 1805
Articles of a treaty between the United States of America,
by their commissioners, Return J. Meigs and Daniel Smith,
who are appointed to hold, conferences with the Cherokees
for the purpose of arranging certain interesting matters with
the said Indians, of the one part, and the undersigned chiefs
and head men of the Cherokees, of the other part, concluded
Whereas it has been represented by the one party to the other
that the section of land on which the garrison of South West
Point stands, and which extends to Kingston, is likely to
be a desirable place for the assembly of the state of Tennessee
to convene at (a committee from that body now in session having
viewed the situation) now the Cherokees being possessed of
a spirit of conciliation, and seeing that this tract is desired
for public purposes, and not for individual advantages, (reserving
the ferries to themselves,) quit claim and cede to the United
States the said section of land, understanding at the same
time, that the buildings erected by the public are to belong
to the public, as well as the occupation of the same, during
the pleasure of the government; we also cede to the United
States the first island in the Tennessee, above the mouth
And whereas the mail of the United States is ordered to
be carried from Knoxville to New-Orleans, through the Cherokee,
Creek and Choctaw countries; the Cherokees agree that the
citizens of the United States shall have, so far as it goes
through their country, the free and unmolested use of a road
leading from Tellico to Tombigbe, to be laid out by viewers
appointed on both sides, who shall direct it the nearest and
best way; and the time of doing the business the Cherokees
shall be notified of.
In consideration of the above cession and relinquishment,
the United States agree to pay to the said Cherokee Indians
sixteen hundred dollars in money, or useful merchandise at
their option, within ninety days after the ratification of
This treaty shall be obligatory between the contracting parties
as soon as it is ratified by the President, by and with the
advice and consent of the Senate of the United States.
In testimony whereof, the said commissioners, and the undersigned
chiefs and head men of the Cherokees, have hereto set their
hands and seals.
Done at Tellico, this twenty-seventh day of October, in the
year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and five.
Return J. Meigs
- Black Fox, or Ennone, his x mark, [L. S.]
- The Glass, or Tunnquetihee, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Kutigeskeee, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Toochalar, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Turtle at Home, or Sullicookiewalar, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Dick Justice, his x mark, [L. S.]
- John Greenwood, or Eakosettas, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Chuleah, or Gentleman Tom, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Broom, or Cannarwesoske, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Bald Hunter, or Toowayullau, his x mark, [L. S.]
- John Melamere, or Euquellooka, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Closenie, or Creeping, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Double Head, or Chuquacuttague, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Chickasawtihee, or Chickasawtihee Killer, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Robert Purdy, secretary to the commissioners.
- William Yates, B. Com'g.
- Nicholas Byers, United States factor.
- Wm. Lovely, assistant. agent.
- B. M'Ghee.
- Saml. Love.
- James Blair.
- Hopkins Lacey.
- Chs. Hicks, interpreter.
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