Treaty with The Blackfeet Sioux
October 19, 1865
Articles of a treaty made and concluded at Fort Sully,
in the Territory of Dakota, by and between Newton Edmunds,
governor and ex-officio superintendent of Indian affairs,
of Dakota Territory, Edward B. Taylor, superintendent of Indian
affairs for the northern superintendency, Major-General S.
R. Curtis, Brigadier-General H. H. Sibley, Henry W. Reed,
and Orrin Guernsey, commissioners on the part of the United
States, duly appointed by the President, and the undersigned
chiefs and headmen of the Blackfeet band of Dakota or Sioux
The Blackfeet band of Dakota or Sioux Indians, represented
in council, hereby acknowledge themselves to be subject to
the exclusive jurisdiction and authority of the United States,
and hereby obligate and bind themselves, individually and
collectively, not only to cease all hostilities against the
persons and property of its citizens, but to use their influence,
and, if necessary, physical force to prevent other bands of
the Dakota or Sioux, or other adjacent tribes from making
hostile demonstrations against the Government of the United
States, or its people.
Inasmuch as the Government of the United States is desirous
to arrest the effusion of blood between the Indian tribes
within its jurisdiction hitherto a[t] war with each other,
the Blackfeet band of Dakota or Sioux, represented in council,
anxious to respect the wishes of the Government, hereby agree
and bind themselves to discontinue for the future all attacks
upon the persons or property of other tribes, unless first
assailed by them, and to use their influence to promote peace
everywhere in the region occupied or frequented by them.
All controversies or differences arising between the Blackfeet
band of Dakota or Sioux, represented in council, and other
tribes of Indians, involving the question of peace or war,
shall be submitted for the arbitrament of the President, or
such person or persons as may be designated by him, and the
decision or award faithfully observed by the said band represented
The said band, represented in council, shall withdraw from
the routes overland already established or hereafter to be
established, through their country, and in consideration thereof,
the Government of the United States agree to pay to the said
band the sum of seven thousand dollars annually, for twenty
years, in such articles as the Secretary of the Interior may
direct: Provided, That said band, so represented in council,
shall faithfully conform to the requirements of this treaty.
Any amendment or modification of this treaty by the [Senate
of the United States shall be considered final and binding
upon the] said band represented in council, as a part of this
treaty, in the same manner as if it had been subsequently
presented and agreed to by the chiefs and headmen of said
In testimony whereof the commissioners on the part of the
United States, and the chiefs and headmen of the said Blackfeet
band of the Dakota or Sioux, have hereunto set their hands,
this nineteenth day of October, one thousand eight hundred
and sixty-five, after the contents had previously been read,
interpreted, and explained to the said chiefs and headmen.
- Newton Edmunds,
- Edward B. Taylor,
- S. R. Curtis, major-general,
- H. H. Sibley, brigadier-general,
- Henry W. Reed,
- Orrin Guernsey.
- Wah-hah-chunk-i-ah-pee, The One that is used as a Shield, his
- Wah-mun-dee-wak-kon-o, The War Eagle in the Air, his x mark.
Principal braves or soldiers:
- Mah-to-ko-ke-pah, He that Fears the Bear, his x mark.
- A-hack-ah-sap-pah, The Black Stag, his x mark.
- A-hack-ah-we-chash-tah, The Stag Man, his x mark.
- Mah-to-wash-tay, The Good Bear, his x mark.
- Tah-ton-kah-ho-wash-tay, The Buffalo with a Fine Voice, his
- Oya-hin-di-a-man-nee, The Track that Rings as it Walks, his
- Shon-kah-hon-skah, The Long Dog, his x mark.
- Shon-kah-wah-mun-dee, The Dog War Eagle, his x mark.
- Wah-mun-dee-you-hah, He that has the War Eagle, his x mark.
- Muz-zah-to-yah, The Blue Iron, his x mark.
- Chief Chan-ta-pa-ta, Fire Heart, his x mark.
- Chief Chan-ta-non-pas, Two Hearts, his x mark.
Signed by the Commissioners on the part of the United States,
and by the chiefs and headmen after the treaty had been fully
read, interpreted, and explained, in our presence:-
- A. W. Hubbard, M. C. Sixth District Iowa.
- E. F. Ruth, secretary to Commission.
- O. D. Barrett, special agent Indian Affairs.
- S. S. Curtis, major, Second Colorado Cavalry.
- R. R. Hitt, reporter of the Commission.
- Zephier Recontre, his x mark,
- Charles Degres, his x mark, Interpreter[s]
- Ce-ha-pa-chi-ke-la, Little Blackfoot, his x mark.
- Chan-ta-pe-a, Strong Heart, his x mark.
- Non-pa-ge-gu-mugama, Round Hand, his x mark.
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