Agreement With The Rogue River
September 8, 1853
Stipulations of a treaty of peace made and entered into by
Joseph Lane Commanding forces of Oregon Territory, and Joe,
principal Chief of the Rogue River tribe of Indians, Sam,
Subordinate Chief and Jim, Subordinate Chief, on the part
of the tribes under their jurisdiction.
A treaty of peace having this day been entered into between
the above named parties whereby it is agreed that all the
bands of Indians living within the following boundaries to
wit, commencing just below the mouth of Applegate Creek, on
Rogue River, thence to the highlands which divide Applegate
from Althouse creek, thence with said highlands Southeasterly
to the summit of the Siskiou mountains, thence easterly along
said range to the Pilot Rock, thence northeasterly following
the range of mountains to Mount Pitt, thence northerly to
Rogue River, thence northwesterly to the head waters of Jump-off-Joe,
thence down this stream to a point due north from the mouth
of Applegate Creek, thence to the mouth of Applegate Creek
shall cease hostilities, and that all the property taken by
them from the whites, in battle or otherwise shall be given
up either to Genl. Lane or the Indian Agent. The Chiefs further
stipulate to maintain peace and promptly deliver up to the
Indian Agent for trial and punishment any one of their people
who may in any way disturb the friendly relations this day
entered into, by stealing property of any description or in
any way interfering with the persons or property of the whites,
and shall also be responsible for the amount of the property
so destroyed . . .
It is stipulated by the Chiefs that all the different bands
of Indians now residing in the Territory above described shall
hereafter reside in the place to be set apart for them.
It is further stipulated that all fire arms belonging to
the Indians of the above named bands, shall be delivered to
Gen. Lane, or to the Agent, for a fair consideration to be
paid in blankets, clothing, &c., except Joe, principal
Chief, seven guns, for hunting purposes, Sam, Subordinate
Chief, five guns, Jim Subordinate Chief five guns.
It is further stipulated, that when their right to the above
described country is purchased from the Indians by the United
States, a portion of the purchase money shall be reserved
to pay for the property of the whites destroyed by them during
the war, not exceeding fifteen thousand dollars.
It is further stipulated that in case the above named Indians
shall hereafter make war upon the whites, they shall forfeit
all right to the annuities or money to be paid for the right
to their lands.
It is further stipulated, that whenever any Indians shall
enter the Territory above described for the purpose of committing
hostilities against the whites the chiefs above named shall
immediately give information to the Agent, and shall render
such other assistance as may be in their power.
An Agent shall reside near the above named Indians to enforce
the above stipulations, to whom all complaints of injuries
to the Indians shall be made through their Chiefs.
Signed this 8th day of September 1853.
- Joseph Lane [L. S.]
- Joe (his x mark) Aps-er-ka-har Principal Chief. [L. S.]
- Sam (his x mark) To-qua-he-ar Subordinate Chief. [L. S.]
- Jim (his x mark) Ana-chak-a-rah Subordinate Chief. [L. S.]
- C. B. Gray, interpreter
- R. B. Metcalf
- Y. Y. Turney, Sec.
The above stipulations of treaty were entered into and signed
by the respective parties in my presence, and with my approval.
Superintendent Indian Affairs Oregon Territory.
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