Treaty with The Wyandot, etc
January 21st, 1785
Articles of a treaty concluded at Fort M'Intosh, the twenty-first
day of January, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-five,
between the Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United States
of America, of the one Part, and the Sachems and Warriors
of the Wiandot, Delaware, Chippawa arid Ottawa Nations of
The Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the United States in
Congress assembled, give peace to the Wiandot, Delawart, Chippewa.
and Ottawa nations of Indians, on the following conditions:
Three chiefs, one from among the Wiandot, and two from among
the Delaware nations, shall be delivered up to the Commissioners
of the United States, to be by them retained till all the
prisoners, white and black, taken by the said nations, or
any of them, shall be restored.
The said Indian nations do acknowledge themselves and all
their tribes to be under the protection of the United States
and of no other sovereign whatsoever.
The boundary line between the United States and the Wiandot
and Delaware nations, shall begin at the mouth of the river
Cayahoga, and run thence up the said river to the portage
between that and the Tuscarawas branch of Meskingum; then
down the said branch to the forks at the crossing place above
Fort Lawrence; then westerly to the portage of the Big Miami,
which runs into the Ohio, at the mouth of which branch the
fort stood which was taken by the French in one thousand seven
hundred and fifty-two; then along the said portage to the
Great Miami or Ome river, and down the south-east side of
the same to its mouth; thence along the south shore of lake
Erie, to the mouth of Cayahoga where it began.
The United States allot all the lands contained within the
said lines to the Wiandot and Delaware nations, to live and
to hunt on, and to such of the Ottawa nation as now live thereon;
saving and reserving for the establishment of trading posts,
six miles square at the mouth of Miami or Ome river, and the
same at the portage on that branch of the Big Miami which
runs into the Ohio, and the same on the lake of Sanduske where
the fort formerly stood, and also two miles square on each
side of the lower rapids of Sanduske river, which posts and
the lands annexed to them, shall be to the use and under the
government of the United States.
If any citizen of the United States, or other person not
being an Indian, shall attempt to settle on any of the lands
allotted to the Wiandot and Delaware nations in this treaty,
except on the lands reserved to the United States in the preceding
article, such person shall forfeit the protection of the United
States, and the Indians may punish him as they please.
The Indians who sign this treaty, as well in behalf of all
their tribes as of themselves, do acknowledge the lands east,
south and west of the lines described in the third article,
so far as the said Indians formerly claimed the same, to belong
to the United States; and none of their tribes shall presume
to settle upon the same, or any part of it.
The post of Detroit, with a district beginning at the mouth
of the river Rosine, on the west end of lake Erie, and running
west six miles up the southern bank of the said river, thence
northerly and always six miles west of the strait, till it
strikes the lake St. Clair, shall be also reserved to the
sole use of the United States.
In the same manner the post of Michillimachenac with its
dependencies, and twelve miles square about the same, shall
be reserved to the use of the United States.
If any Indian or Indians shall commit a robbery or murder
on any citizen of the United States, the tribe to which such
offenders may belong, shall be bound to deliver them up at
the nearest post, to be punished according to the ordinances
of the United States.
The Commissioners of the United States, in pursuance of the
humane and liberal views of Congress, upon this treaty's being
signed, will direct goods to be distributed among the different
tribes for their use and comfort.
It is agreed that the Delaware chiefs, Kelelamand or lieutenant-colonel
Henry, Hengue Pushees or the Big Cat, Wicocalind or Captain
White Eyes, who took up the hatchet for the United States,
and their families, shall be received into the Delaware nation,
in the same situation and rank as before the war, and enjoy
their due portions of the lands given to the Wiandot and Delaware
nations in this treaty, as fully as if they had not taken
part with America, or as any other person or persons in the
- Go. Clark
- Richard Butler
- Arthur Lee
- Daunghquat, his x mark
- Abraham Kuhn, his x mark
- Ottawerreri, his x mark
- Hobocan, his x mark
- Walendightun, his x mark
- Quecookkia, his x mark
- Talapoxic, his x mark
- Wingenum, his x mark
- Packelant, his x mark
- Gingewanno, his x mark
- Waanoos, his x mark
- Konalawassee his x mark
- Shawnaquin, his x mark
- Sam'1 J. Atlee
- Fras. Johnston
- I. Bradford
- George Slaughter
- Pennsylvania Commissioners.
- Alex. Campbell
- Jos. Harmar, lieutenant-colonel commandant
- Alex. Lowrey
- Joseph Nicholas, interpreter.
- Van Swearingen
- John Boggs
- G. Evans
- D. Luckett
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