Treaty with The Winnebago
March 8, 1865
Articles of treaty made and concluded at Washington, D. C.,
between the United States of America, by their commissioners, Wm.
P. Dole, C. W. Thompson, and St. A. D. Balcombe, and the Winnebago
tribe of Indians, by their chiefs, Little Hill, Little Decoria,
Whirling Thunder, Young Prophet, Good Thunder, and White Breast,
on the 8th day of March, 1865.
The Winnebago tribe of Indians hereby cede, sell, and convey to
the United States all their right, title, and interest in and to
their present reservation in the Territory of Dakota, at Usher's
Landing, on the Missouri River, the metes and bounds whereof being
on file in the Indian Department.
In consideration of the foregoing cession, and the valuable improvements
thereon, the United States agree to set apart for the occupation
and future home of the Winnebago Indians, forever, all that certain
tract or parcel of land ceded to the United States by the Omaha
tribe of Indians on the sixth day of March, A. D. 1865, situated
in the Territory of Nebraska, and described as follows, viz: Commencing
at a point on the Missouri River four miles due south from the north
boundary-line of said reservation; thence west ten miles; thence
south four miles; thence west to the western boundary-line of the
reservation; thence north to the northern boundary-line; thence
east to the Missouri River, and thence south along the river to
the place of beginning.
In further consideration of the foregoing cession, and in order
that the Winnebagos may be as well situated as they were when they
were moved from Minnesota, the United States agree to erect on their
reservation, hereby set apart, a good steam saw-mill with a grist-mill
attached, and to break and fence one hundred acres of land for each
band, and supply them with seed, to sow and plant the same, and
shall furnish them with two thousand dollars' worth of guns, four
hundred horses, one hundred cows, twenty yoke of oxen and wagons,
two chains each, and five hundred dollars' worth of agricultural
implements, in addition to those on the reserve hereby ceded.
The United States further agree to erect on said reservation an
agency building, school-house, warehouse, and suitable buildings
for the physician, interpreter, miller, engineer, carpenter, and
blacksmith, and a house 18 by 24 feet, one and a half story high,
well shingled and substantially finished, for each chief.
The United States also stipulate and agree to remove the Winnebago
tribe of Indians and their property to their new home, and to subsist
the tribe one year after their arrival there.
In testimony whereof, the said Wm. P. Dole, Clark W. Thompson,
and St. A. D. Balcombe, Commissioners as aforesaid, and the undersigned
chiefs and delegates of the Winnebago Tribe of Indians, have hereunto
set their hands and seals, at the place and on the day hereinbefore
- W. P. Dole,
- Clark W. Thompson,
- St. A. D. Balcombe, Commissioners.
- Little Hill, his x mark. [Seal.]
- Little Dacoria, his x mark. [Seal.]
- Whirling Thunder, his x mark. [Seal.]
- Young Prophet, his x mark. [Seal.]
- Good Thunder, his x mark, [Seal.]
- Young Crane, his x mark, [Seal.]
- White Breast, his x mark, [Seal.]
In presence of-
- Mitchell St. Cyr, United State[s] interpreter.
- Alexander Payn, United State[s] interpreter.
- R. W. Furnas, United States agent for Omahas.
- Benj. F. Lushbaugh, United States Indian agent.
- Augustus Kountze.
- C. Hazlett.
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