Treaty with The Seminole
March 28, 1833
WHEREAS, the Seminole Indians of Florida, entered into certain
articles of agreement, with James Gadson, [Gadsden.] Commissioner
on behalf of the United States, at Payne's landing, on the
9th day of May, 1832: the first article of which treaty or
agreement provides, as follows: "The Seminoles Indians
relinquish to the United States all claim to the land they
at present occupy in the Territory of Florida, and agree to
emigrate to the country assigned to the Creeks, west of the
Mississippi river; it being understood that an additional
extent of territory proportioned to their number will be added
to the Creek country, and that the Seminoles will be received
as a constituent part of the Creek nation, and be re-admitted
to all the privileges as members of the same." And whereas,
the said agreement also stipulates and provides, that a delegation
of Seminoles should be sent at the expense of the United States
to examine the country to be allotted them among the Creeks,
and should this delegation be satisfied with the character
of the country and of the favorable disposition of the Creeks
to unite with them as one people, then the aforementioned
treaty would be considered binding and obligatory upon the
parties. And whereas a treaty was made between the United
States and the Creek Indians west of the Mississippi, at Fort
Gibson, on the 14th day of February 1833, by which a country
was provided for the Seminoles in pursuance of the existing
arrangements between the United States and that tribe. And
whereas, the special delegation, appointed by the Seminoles
on the 9th day of May 1832, have since examined the land designated
for them by the undersigned Commissioners, on behalf of the
United States, and have expressed themselves satisfied with
the same, in and by their letter dated, March 1833, addressed
to the undersigned Commissioners.
Now, therefore, the Commissioners aforesaid, by virtue of
the power and authority vested in them by the treaty made
with Creek Indians on the 14th day of February 1833, as above
stated, hereby designate and assign to the Seminole tribe
of Indians, for their separate future residence, forever,
a tract of country lying between the Canadian river and the
north fork thereof, and extending west to where a line running
north and south between the main Canadian and north branch,
will strike the forks of Little river, provided said west
line does not extend more than twenty-five miles west from
the mouth of said Little river. And the undersigned Seminole
chiefs, delegated as aforesaid, on behalf of their nation
hereby declare themselves well satisfied with the location
provided for them by the Commissioners, and agree that their
nation shall commence the removal to their new home as soon
as the Government will make arrangements for their emigration,
satisfactory to the Seminole nation.
And whereas, the said Seminoles have expressed high confidence
in the friendship and ability of their present agent, Major
Phagen, and desire that he may be permitted to remove them
to their new homes west of the Mississippi; the Commissioners
have considered their request, and cheerfully recommend Major
Phagan as a suitable person to be employed to remove the Seminoles
as aforesaid, and trust his appointment will be made, not
only to gratify the wishes of the Indians but as conducive
to the public welfare.
In testimony whereof, the commissioners on behalf of the
United States, and the delegates of the Seminole nation, have
hereunto signed their names this 28th day of March, A. D.
1833, at fort Gibson.
- Montfort Stokes,
- Henry L. Ellsworth,
- John F. Schermerhorn.
- John Hick, representing Sam Jones, his x mark.
- Holata Emartta, his x mark.
- Jumper, his x mark.
- Coi Hadgo, his x mark.
- Charley Emartta, his x mark.
- Ya-ha-hadge, his x mark.
- Ne-ha-tho-clo, representing Fuch-a-lusti-hadgo, his x mark,
- On behalf of the Seminole nation.
Don't forget to check out our American Indian Jewelry and Native American Books.