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Treaty with The Ponca

June 25, 1817

A treaty of peace and friendship mads and concluded between William Clark and Auguste Chouteau, commissioners on the part and behalf of the United states of America, of the one part, and the undersigned chiefs and warriors of the Poncarar tribe of Indians, on the [their] part and of their said tribe of the other part.

THE partes being desirous of re-established peace and friendship between the United States and their said tribe, and of being placed, in all things and every respect, upon the same footing upon which they stood before the late war between the United States and Great Britain, have agreed to the following articles:

Article 1.

Every injury or act of hostility by one or either of the contracting parties against the other, shall be mutually forgiven and forgot.

Article 2.

There shall be perpetual peace and friendship between all the citizens of the United States of America and all the individuals composing the said Poncarar tribe; and all the friendly relations that existed between them before the war shall be, and the same are hereby, renewed.

Article 3.

The undersigned chiefs and warriors, for themselves and their said tribe, do hereby acknowledge themselves to be under the protection of the United States of America, and of no other nation, power, sovereign, whatever.

In witness whereof, the said William Clark and Auguste Chouteau, commissioners as aforesaid, have hereunto subscribed their names and affixed their seals, this twenty-fifth day of June, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventeen, and of the independence of the United States the forty-first.

  • William Clark, [L. S.]
  • Auguste Chouteau, [L. S.]
  • Aquelaba, the Fighter, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Gradonga, Fork-tailed Hawk, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Shondagaha, Smoker, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Kihegashinga, Little Chief, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Necawcompe, the Handsome Man, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Ahahpah, the Rough Buffalo Horn, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Showeno, the Comer, his x mark, [L. S.]
  • Bardegara, he who stands fire, his x mark, [L. S.]

Witnesses present:

  • Lewis Bissel, acting secretary to the commissioners,
  • Manual Liea, United States Indian agent,
  • Benja O'Fallon, United States Indian agent,
  • R, Graham, Indian agent for Illinois,
  • Dr. Wm, J. Clarke,
  • B. Vasques,
  • Saml. Solomon, interpreter,
  • Stephen Julien, United States Indian interpreter,
  • Joseph Lafleche, interpreter.

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