Treaty with The Piankashaw and Wea
October 29, 1832
Articles of a treaty made and concluded at Castor Hill
in the county of St. Louis and State of Missouri, between
William Clark, Frank J. Allen, and Nathan Kouns, Commissioners
on the part of the United States, of the one part, and the
undersigned Chiefs, Warriors and Counsellors, of the Piankeshaw
and Wea tribes of Indians, in behalf of their said tribes,
of the other part.
The undersigned Chiefs, Warriors, and considerate men, for
themselves and their said tribes, for and in consideration
of the stipulations hereinafter made, do hereby cede and relinquish
to the United States forever, all their right, title and interest
to and in lands within the States of Missouri and Illinois - hereby
confirming all treaties heretofore made between their respective
tribes and the United States, and relinquishing to them all
claim to every portion of their lands which may have been
ceded by any portion of their said tribes.
The United States cede to the Piankeshaw and Wea tribes,
for their permanent residence, two hundred and fiftv sections
of land within the limits of the survey of the lands set apart
for the Piankeshaws, Weas, and Peorias, - bounded east
by the western boundary line of the State of Missouri for
fifteen miles; north, by the southern boundary of the lands
assigned to the Shawanoes; west by lands assigned to the Peorias
and Kaskaskias, and south by the southern line of the original
tract surveyed for the Piankeshaws, Weas and Peorias, -
said tract being intended to include the present villages
of the said Piankeshaws and Weas.
As a full equivalent to the said Piankeshaw tribe for their
claim for salt annuities, for improvements on the lands they
moved from within the State of Missouri, and for horses lost
when moving, the United States agree to pay them after the
ratification of this treaty, cattle, hogs, and such farming
utensils as may be required by said tribe on their land, to
the amount of five hundred dollars annually, for five years; - the
sum of seven hundred and fifty dollars will also be expended
in assistance to said tribe in agriculture, and improvements
on the land hereby ceded to them, together with the sum of
two hundred dollars in merchandise and cash paid at the signing
of this treaty, the receipt whereof is hereby acknowledged
by said tribe.
As a full equivalent to the Wea tribe, for the improvements
made by them on the lands of the United States which they
removed from, - for horses lost in consequence of such
removal, and for all other claims which they have preferred,
the United States agree to pay them after the ratification
of this treaty, cattle, hogs, and farming utensils on their
land to the amount of five hundred dollars, together with
two hundred dollars this day paid them in cash and merchandise,
the receipt of which is hereby acknowledged. The United States
will also afford some assistance to that part of the Wea tribe
now residing in the State of Indiana, to enable them to join
the rest of their tribe on the lands hereby assigned them,
and will also furnish said portion of the tribe with provisions
for one year after their arrival.
The United States will also support a blacksmith's shop
for five years at a convenient place between the lands hereby
ceded the said Piankeshaws and Weas, and the lands assigned
to the Kaskaskias and Peorias; which shop is to be for the
benefit of the said tribes of Piankeshaws, Weas, Peorias,
and Kaskaskias, in common.
This treaty to be obligatory on the contracting parties,
when ratified by the President and Senate of the United States.
Done at Castor Hill, in the county of St. Louis, in the State
of Missouri, this twenty-ninth day of October, in the year
of our Lord eighteen hundred and thirty-two, and of the independence
of the United States the fifty-seventh.
- Wm. Clark,
- Frank J. Allen,
- Nathan Kouns.
- Wa-pon-ke-ah, swan, his x mark,
- Shin-ga-rea, diving duck, his x mark,
- Weas - Continued.
- Go-te-goh-pa, stands by himself, his x mark.
- Mah-son-shau, thunder, his x mark,
- Nah-he-comma, to do right, his x mark.
Signed in presence of -
- James Kemmly, secretary,
- A. Shane, United States interpreter,
- Jacques Mette,
- United States interpreter,
- Jesse Elder,
- Joseph Guion,
- Baptiste Peoria, his x mark, interpreter,
- Pierre Menard,
- William Radford, U. S. Navy,
- G. S. Rousseau, U. S. Army,
- Meriwether Lewis Clark, lieutenant, Sixth Infantry.
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