Treaty with The Pawnee Republic
June 20, 1818
A treaty of peace and friendship, made and concluded by,
and between, William Clark and Auguste Chouteau, Commissioners
of the United States of America, on the part and behalf of
the said States, of the one part, and the undersigned, chiefs
and warriors of the Pawnee Republic, on the part and behalf
of their tribe, of the other part.
The parties, being desirous of establishing peace and friendship
between the United States and the said tribe, have agreed
to the following articles:
Every injury or act of hostility, by one or either of the
contracting parties, against the other, shall be mutually
forgiven and forgot.
There shall be perpetual peace and friendship between all
the citizens of the United States of America, and all the
individuals composing the said Pawnee tribe.
The undersigned, chiefs and warriors, for themselves and
their said tribe, do hereby acknowledge themselves to be under
the protection of the United States of America, and of no
other nation, power, or sovereign, whatsoever.
The undersigned chiefs and warriers, for themselves and the
tribe they represent, do moreover promise and oblige themselves
to deliver up, or to cause to be delivered up, to the authority
of the United States, (to be punished according to law,) each
and every individual of the said tribe who shall, at any time
hereafter, violate the stipulations of the treaty this day
concluded between the said Pawnee Republic and the said States.
In witness whereof, the said William Clark, and Auguste Chouteau,
commissioners as aforesaid, and the chiefs and warriors aforesaid,
have hereunto subscribed their names and affixed their seals,
this twentieth day of June, in the year of our Lord one thousand
eight hundred and eighteen, and of the independence of the
United States the forty-second.
- William Clark, [L. S.]
- Aug. Chouteau, [L. S.]
- Petaheick, the Good Chief, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Rarnleshare, the Chief Man, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Shernakitare, the First in the War Party, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Sheterahiate, the Partisan Discoverer, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Tearekatacaush, the Brave, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Pa, or the Elk, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Tetawiouche, Wearer of Shoes, his x mark, [L. S.]
Done at St. Louis, in the presence of -
- R. Wash, secretary of the commission,
- T. Paul, colonel M. M. C. Interpreter,
- R. Graham, I. A. Illinois Territory,
- John O'Fallon, captain R. Regiment,
- John Ruland, S. agent Trans'r. etc.
- A. L. Papin, interpreter,
- J. T. Honore, Indian interpreter,
- S. Julian, United States Indian interpreter,
- Wm. Grayson,
- Josiah Ramsey,
- John Robedout.
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