Treaty with The Pawnee - Grand, Loups, Republicans, etc
August 6, 1848
Treaty with the Pawnees; articles of agreement and convention
made this sixth day of August, A. D. 1848, at Fort Childs,
near the head of Grand Island, on the south side of the Nebraska
or Great Platte River, between Lieutenant-Colonel Ludwell
E. Powell, commanding battalion Missouri Mounted Volunteers,
en route to Oregon, in behalf of the United States, and the
chiefs and head-men of the four confederated bands of Pawnees,
viz: Grand Pawnees, Pawnee Loups, Pawnee Republicans, and
pawnee Tappage, at present residing on the south side of the
The confederated bands of the Pawnees hereby cede and relinquish
to the United States all their right, title, and interest
in and to all that tract of land described as follows, viz:
Commencing on the south side of the Platte River, five miles
west of this post, "Fort Childs;" thence due north
to the crest of the bluffs north of said Platte River: thence
east and along the crest of said bluffs to the termination
of Grand Island, supposed to be about sixty miles distant;
thence south to the southern shore of said Platte River: and
thence west and along the southern shore of the said Platte
River to the place of beginning.
The land hereby conveyed is designated within the red lines
of the following plat:
[NOTE. - The red lines in the original plat are designated
by dotted lines in this copy.]
In consideration of the land hereby ceded and relinquished,
the United States has this day paid, through Captain Stewart
Van Vliet, assistant quartermaster United States Army, under
an order from Lieutenant-Colonel Ludwell E. Powell, commanding
battalion Missouri Mounted Volunteers, to the said four bands
collectively, on the execution of this treaty, the amount
of two thousand dollars in goods and merchandise, the receipt
of which is hereby acknowledged.
The United States shall have the privilege of using any hard
timber that may at any time be needed, situate upon Wood River,
immediately north of the land hereby conveyed.
The Pawnee Nation renew their assurance of friendship for
the white men, their fidelity to the United States, and their
desire for peace with all the neighboring tribes of Indians.
The Pawnee Nation, therefore, faithfully promise not to molest
or injure the property or person of any white citizen of the
United States, wherever found, nor to make war upon any tribes
with whom said Pawnee tribes now are, or may hereafter be,
at peace; but, should any difficulty arise, they agree to
refer the matter in dispute to such arbitration as the President
of the United States may direct.
These articles of agreement and convention shall be binding
and obligatory from this sixth day of August, A. D. 1848.
In testimony whereof, the said Lieutenant-Colonel Ludwell
E. Powell, commanding battalion Missouri mounted volunteers,
and the chiefs and headmen of the four confederated bands
of Grand Pawnees, Pawnee Loups, Pawnee Republicans, and Pawnee
Tappage, have hereunto signed their names, and affixed their
seals, on the day and year aforesaid.
- Ludwell E. Powell, Lieutenant-Colonel Commanding Battalion Missouri Mounted Volunteers.
- Chief Ma-laigne, Principal Chief of the Four Confederated Bands.
Chiefs of -
- Pawnee Loups:
- French Chief,
- Big Chief.
- American Chief.
(To each of the Indian names is affixed his mark.)
Executed and delivered in the presence of -
- Thomas J. Todd, adjutant, battalion Missouri Mounted Volunteers, secretary.
- A. W. Sublette, captain, company A.
- J. Walker, A. S., U. S. Army.
- W. H. Rodgers, captain, Company L.
- David McCausland, captain company B.
- Stewart Van Vliet, captain and acting quartermaster, U. S. Army.
- D. P. Woodbury, lieutenant, Engineers.
- J. W. kelly, second lieutenant, commanding Company C.
- Saml. J. lingenfelter.
- Ant. Le Faivre.
- Peter A. Carnes, forage master.
- J. B. Small, A. S., U. S. Army.
- F. Jeffrey Deroine, interpreter.
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