Treaty with The Pawnee
October 9, 1833
Articles of agreement and convention, made this ninth
day of October, A. D. 1833, at the Grand Pawnee village, on
the Platte river between Henry L. Ellsworth, commissioner
in behalf of the United States, and the chiefs and head-men
of the four confederated bands of Pawnees, viz. - Grand
Pawnees, Pawnee Loups, Pawnee Republicans, and Pawnee Tappaye,
residing on the Platte and the Loup fork.
The confederated bands of Pawnees aforesaid hereby cede and
relinquish to the United States all their right, interest,
and title in and to all the land lying south of the Platte
The land ceded and relinquished hereby, so far as the same
is not and shall not be assigned to any tribe or tribes, shall
remain a common hunting ground, during the pleasure of the
President, for the Pawnees and other friendly Indians, who
shall be permitted by the President to hunt on the same.
The United States, in consideration of said cession and for
the purpose of advancing the welfare of the said Pawnees,
agree to pay said bands annually, for the term of twelve years,
the sum of forty-six hundred dollars in goods, at not exceeding
St. Louis prices, as follows: to the Grand Pawnees and Republican
villages, each thirteen hundred dollars, and to the Pawnee
Loups and Tappaye Pawnee villages each one thousand dollars,
and said annuity to said Grand Pawnees is in full remuneration
for removal from the south to the north side of the Platte,
and building again.
The United States agree to pay to each of said four bands,
for five years, the sum of five hundred dollars in agricultural
implements; and to be continued longer if the President thinks
The United States agree to allow one thousand dollars a year
for ten years, for schools to be established for the benefit
of said four bands at the discretion of the President.
The United States agree to furnish two blacksmiths and two
strikers, with shop, tools and iron, for ten years, for said
four bands, at an expense not exceeding two thousand dollars
in the whole annually.
The United States agree to furnish each of said four tribes
with a farmer for five years, and deliver to said farmers
for the benefit of said nation, one thousand dollars value
in oxen and other stock. But said stock is not to be delivered
into the hands of the said Pawnees, until the President thinks
the same can be done with propriety and safety.
The United States agree to erect, for each of said four bands,
a horse-mill for grinding corn.
The Pawnee nation renew their assurance of friendship for
the white men, their fidelity to the United States, and their
desire for peace with all neighboring tribes of red men. The
Pawnee nation therefore agree not to molest or injure the
person or property of any white citizen of the United States,
wherever found, nor to make war upon any tribe with whom said
Pawnee nation now are, or may be, at peace; but should any
difficulty arise between said nation and any other tribe,
they agree to refer the matter in dispute to such arbiter
as the President shall appoint to settle the same.
It is agreed and understood that the United States shall
not be bound to fulfil the stipulation contained in the fifth,
seventh, and eighth articles, until said tribes shall locate
themselves in convenient agricultural districts, and remain
in these districts the whole year, so as to give protection
to the teachers, the farmers, stock and mill.
The United States, desirous to show the Pawnees the advantages
of agriculture, engage, in case the Pawnees cannot agree to
remain to protect their domestic interest, to break up for
each village a piece of land suitable for corn and potatoes
for one season; and should either village at any time agree
to give the protection required, said village shall be entitled
to the benefits conferred in said fifth, seventh, and eighth
In case the Pawnee nation will remain at home during the
year, and give the protection specified, the United States
agree to place twenty-five guns, with suitable ammunition,
in the hands of the farmers of each village, to be used in
case of an attack from hostile bands.
The United States further agree to deliver to said four bands
collectively, on the execution of this treaty, the amount
of sixteen hundred dollars in goods and merchandise, and the
receipt of the same is hereby acknowledged by said bands.
These articles of agreement and convention shall be obligatory
and binding when ratified by the President and Senate of the
In testimony whereof the said Henry L. Ellsworth, commissioner,
and the chiefs and head men of the four confederated bands
of the Grand Pawnees, Pawnee Loups, Pawnee Republicans, and
Tappaye Pawnees, have hereunto signed their names and affixed
their seals on the day and year above written.
- Shah-re-tah-riche, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Shon-gah-kah-he-gah, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Pe-tah-lay-shah-rho, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Ah-sha-kah-tah-kho, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Blue Coat, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Lay-shah-rho-lah-re-ho-rho, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Ah-shah-lay-kah-sah-hah, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Lay-shah-ke-re-pahs-kay, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Little Chief, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Lah-ho-pah-go-lah-lay-shah-rho, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Ah-ke-tah-we-he-kah-he-gay, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Skah-lah-lay-shah-rho, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Big Axe, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Middle Chief, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Spotted Horse, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Big Soldier, his x mark, [L. S.]
Signed, sealed, and delivered in the presence of -
- Edward A. Ellsworth, secretary pro tempore,
- Jno. Dougherty, Indian agent,
- A. L. Papin,
- Ware S. May, M. D.
- John Dunlop,
- John T. Irving, jr.
- Lewis La Chapelle, interpreter.
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