Treaty with The Ottawa, etc
November 17, 1807
Articles of a treaty made at Detroit, this seventeenth
day of November, in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight
hundred and seven, by William Hull, governor of the territory
of Michigan, and superintendent of Indian affairs, and sole
commissioner of the United States, to conclude and sign a
treaty or treaties, with the several nations of Indians, north
west of the river Ohio, on the one part, and the sachems,
chiefs, and warriors of the Ottoway, Chippeway, Wyandotte,
and Pottawatamie nations of Indians, on the other part. To
confirm and perpetuate the friendship, which happily subsists
between the United States and the nations aforesaid, to manifest
the sincerity of that friendship, and to settle arrangements
mutually beneficial to the parties; after a full explanation
and perfect understanding, the following articles are agreed
to, which, when ratified by the President, by and with the
advice and consent of the Senate of the United States, shall
be binding on them, and the respective nations of Indians..
The sachems, chiefs, and warriors of the nations aforesaid,
in consideration of money and goods, to be paid to the said
nations, by the government of the United States as hereafter
stipulated; do hereby agree to cede and forever quit claim,
and do in behalf of their nations hereby cede, relinquish,
and forever quit claim, unto the said United States, all right,
title, and interest, which the said nations now have, or claim,
or ever had, or claimed, in, or unto, the lands comprehended
within the following described lines and boundaries: Beginning
at the mouth of the Miami river of the lakes, and running
thence up the middle thereof, to the mouth of the great Au
Glaize river, thence running due north, until it intersects
a parallel of latitude, to be drawn from the outlet of lake
Huron, which forms the river Sinclair; thence running north
east the course, that may be found, will lead in a direct
line, to White Rock, in lake Huron, thence due east, until
it intersects the boundary line between the United States
and Upper Canada, in said lake, thence southwardly, following
the said boundary line, down said lake, through river Sinclair,
lake St. Clair, and the river Detroit, into lake Erie, to
a point due east of the aforesaid Miami river, thence west
to the place of beginning.
It is hereby stipulated and agreed on the part of the United
States, as a consideration for the lands, ceded by the nations
aforesaid, in the preceding article, that there shall be paid
to the said nations, at Detroit, ten thousand dollars, in
money, goods, implements of husbandry, or domestic animals,
(at the option of the said nations, seasonably signified,
through the superintendent of Indian affairs, residing with
the said nations, to the department of war,) as soon as practicable,
after the ratification of the treaty, by the President, with
the advice and consent of the Senate of the United States;
of this sum, three thousand three hundred and thirty three
dollars thirty three cents and four mills, shall be paid to
the Ottoway nation, three thousand three hundred and thirty
three dollars thirty three cents and four mills, to the Chippeway
nation, one thousand six hundred sixty six dollars sixty six
cents and six mills, to the Wyandotte nation, one thousand
six hundred sixty six dollars sixty six cents and six mills,
to the Pottawatamie nation, and likewise an annuity forever,
of two thousand four hundred dollars, to be paid at Detroit,
in manner as aforesaid: the first payment to be made on the
first day of September next, and to be paid to the different
nations, in the following proportions: eight hundred dollars
to the Ottoways, eight hundred dollars to the Chippeways,
four hundred dollars to the Wyandottes, and four hundred dollars
to such of the Pottawatamies, as now reside on the river Huron
of lake Erie, the river Raisin, and in the vicinity of the
It is further stipulated and agreed, if at any time hereafter,
the said nations should be of the opinion, that it would be
more for their interest, that the annuity aforesaid should
be paid by instalments, the United States will agree to a
reasonable commutation for the annuity, and pay it accordingly.
The United States, to manifest their liberality, and disposition
to encourage the said Indians, in agriculture, further stipulate,
to furnish the said Indians with two blacksmiths, one to reside
with the Chippeways, at Saguina, and the other to reside with
the Ottaways, at the Miami, during the term of ten years;
said blacksmiths are to do such work for the said nations
as shall be most useful to them.
It is further agreed and stipulated, that the said Indian
nations shall enjoy the privilege of hunting and fishing on
the lands ceded as aforesaid, as long as they remain the property
of the United States.
It is distinctly to be understood, for the accommodation
of the said Indians, that the following tracts of land within
the cession aforesaid, shall be, and hereby are reserved to
the said Indian nations, one tract of land six miles square,
on the Miami of lake Erie, above Roche dèG Boeuf, to
include the village, where Tondaganie, (or the Dog) now lives.
Also, three miles square on the said river, (above the twelve
miles square ceded to the United States by the treaty of Greenville)
including what is called Presque Isle; also four miles square
on the Miami bay, including the villages where Meshkemau and
Waugau now live; also, three miles square on the river Raisin,
at a place called Macon, and where the river Macon falls into
the river Raizin, which place is about fourteen miles from
the mouth of said river Raizin; also, two sections of one
mile square each, on the river Rouge, at Seginsiwin's village;
also two sections of one mile square each, at Tonquish's village,
near the river Rouge; also three miles square on lake St.
Clair, above the river Huron, to include Machonce's village;
also, six sections, each section containing one mile square,
within the cession aforesaid, in such situations as the said
Indians shall elect, subject, however, to the approbation
of the President of the United States, as to the places of
location. It is further understood and agreed, that whenever
the reservations cannot conveniently be laid out in squares,
they shall be laid out in paralelograms, or other figures,
as found most practicable and convenient, so as to contain
the area specified in miles, and in all cases they are to
be located in such manner, and in such situations, as not
to interfere with any improvements of the French or other
white people, or any former cessions.
The said nations of Indians acknowledge themselves to be
under the protection of the United States, and no other power,
and will prove by their conduct that that are worthy of so
great a blessing.
In testimony whereof, the said William Hull, and the sachems
and war chiefs representing the said nations, have hereunto
set their hands and seals.
Done at Detroit, in the territory of Michigan, the day and
year first above written.
- Peewanshemenogh, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Mamaushegauta, or Bad Legs, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Pooquigauboawie, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Kiosk, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Poquaquet, or the Ball, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Segangewan, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Quitchonequit, or Big Cloud, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Quiconquish, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Puckenese, or the Spark of Fire, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Negig, or the Otter, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Measita, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Macquettequet, or Little Bear, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Nemekas, or Little Thunder, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Sawanabenase, or Pechegabua, or Grand Blanc, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Tonquish, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Miott, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Meuetugesheck, or the Little Cedar, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Aubauway, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Kawachewan, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Sawgamaw, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Ogouse, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Wasagashick, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Toquish, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Noname, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Nawme, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Ninnewa, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Skush, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Skahomet, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Miere, or Walk in the Water, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Iyonayotha, his x mark, [L. S.]
In presence of -
- George McDougall, chief judge court D. H. and D.
- C. Rush, attorney general.
- Jacob Visger, associate judge of the D. court.
- Jos. Watson, secretary to the legislature of Michigan.
- Abijah Hull, surveyor for Michigan Territory.
- Harris H. Hickman, counsellor at law.
- Abraham Fuller Hull, counsellor at law and secretary to the Commission.
- Whitmore Knaggs,
- William Walker,
- Sworn Interpreters.
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