Treaty with The Molala
December 21, 1855
Articles of convention and agreement entered into this
21st day of December, 1855, between Joel Palmer, superintendent
of Indian affairs, acting for and in behalf of the United
States, and the chiefs and head-men of the Mo-lal-la-las or
Molel tribe of Indians, they being authorized by their respective
bands in council assembled.
The above-named tribe of Indians hereby cede to the United
States all their right, title, interest and claim to all that
part of Oregon Territory situated and bounded as hereinafter
described, the same being claimed by them. To wit: Beginning
at Scott's Peak, being the northeastern termination of
the purchase made of the Umpaquah, and Calapooias of Umpaquah
Valley on the 29th day of November, 1854; thence running southernly
on the eastern boundary line of that purchase and the purchase
of the Cow Creeks, on the 19th day of September, 1853, and
the tract purchased of the Scotens, Chestas and Grave Creeks,
on the nineteenth [eighteenth] day of November, 1854, to the
boundary of the Rogue River purchase made on the tenth day
of September, 1853; thence along the northern boundary of
that purchase to the summit of the Cascade Mountains; thence
northerly along the summit of said mountains to a point due
east of Scott's Peak; thence west to the place of beginning.
In consideration of the cession and relinquishment herein
made, the United States agree to make the following provisions
for said Indians and pay the sums of money as follows:
1st. To secure to the members of said tribe all the rights
and privileges guaranteed by treaty to the Umpaquah and Calapooias,
of the Umpaquah Valley, jointly with said tribes, they hereby
agreeing to confederate with those bands.
2d. To erect and keep in repair and furnish suitable persons
to attend the same for the term of ten years, the benefits
of which to be shared alike by all the bands confederated,
one flouring-mill and one saw-mill.
3d. To furnish iron, steel, and other materials for supplying
the smith's shop and tin-shop stipulated in the treaty
of 29th November, 1854, and pay for the services of the necessary
mechanics for that service for five years in addition to the
time specified by that treaty.
4th. To establish a manual-labor school, employ and pay teachers,
furnish all necessary materials and subsistence for pupils,
of sufficient capacity to accommodate all the children belonging
to said confederate bands, of suitable age and condition to
attend said school.
5th. To employ and pay for the services of a carpenter and
joiner for the term of ten years to aid in erecting buildings
and making furniture for said Indians, and to furnish tools
for use in said service.
6th. To employ and pay for the services of an additional
farmer for the term of five years.
In consequence of the existence of hostilities between the
whites and a portion of the Indian tribes in Southern Oregon
and Northern California, and the proximity of the Umpaquah
reservation to the mining district, and the consequent fluctuating
and transient population, and the frequent commission by whites
and Indians of petty offences, calculated to disturb the peace
and harmony of the settlement, it is hereby agreed, the Umpaquahs
and Calapooias agreeing, that the bands thus confederated
shall immediately remove to a tract of land selected on the
head-waters of the Yamhill River adjoining the coast reservation,
thereon to remain until the proper improvements are made upon
that reservation, for the accommodation of said confederate
bands, in accordance with the provisions of this and the treaty
of 29th November, 1854, and when so made, to remove to said
coast reservation, or such other point as may, by direction
of the President of the United States, be designated for the
permanent residence of said Indians.
For the purpose of carrying out in good faith the objects
expressed in the preceding article, it is hereby agreed on
the part of the United States, that the entire expense attending
the removal of the bands named, including transportation and
subsistence, and the erection of temporary buildings at the
encampment designated, as well as medical attendance on the
sick, shall be paid by the United States.
It is further agreed that rations, according to the Army
regulations, shall be furnished the members of the said confederated
bands, and distributed to the heads of families, from the
time of their arrival at the encampment on the head-waters
of Yamhill River until six months after their arrival at the
point selected as their permanent residence.
For the purpose of insuring the means of subsistence for
said Indians, the United States engage to appropriate the
sum of twelve thousand dollars for the extinguishment of title
and the payment of improvements made thereon by white settlers
to lands in the Grand Round Valley, the point of encampment
referred to, to be used as wheat-farms, or other purposes,
for the benefit of said Indians, and for the erection of buildings
upon the reservation, opening farms, purchasing of teams,
tools and stock; the expenditure of which amounts, and the
direction of all the provisions of this convention, shall
be in accordance with the spirit and meaning of the treaty
of 29th November, 1854, with the Umpaquah and Calapooia tribes
In witness whereof, we, the several parties, hereto set our
hands and seals, the day and date before written.
- Joel Palmer, [L. S.]
- Superintendent Indian Affairs.
- Steencoggy, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Lattchie, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Dugings, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Counisnase, his x mark. [L. S.]
Done in presence of the undersigned witnesses -
- C. M. Walker,
- T. R. Magruder,
- John Flett, interpreter.
We, the chiefs and headmen of the Umpaquah and Calapooia
tribes, treated with in the Umpaquah Valley, on the 29th day
of November, 1854, referred to in the foregoing treaty, to
the provisions of this treaty, this day in convention, accede
to all the terms therein expressed.
In witness whereof, we do severally hereto set our names
and seals, the day and date written in the foregoing treaty.
- Louis la Pe Cinque, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Peter, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Tom, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Billy, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Nessick, his x mark. [L. S.]
- George, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Bogus, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Cars, his x mark. [L. S.]
Done in the presence of the undersigned witnesses -
- C. M. Walker,
- T. R. Magruder,
- John Flett, interpreter.
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