Treaty with The Iowa
August 4, 1824
Articles of a Treaty made and concluded at the City of
Washington, on the fourth day of August, one thousand eight
hundred and twenty-four, between William Clark, Superintendent
of Indian Affairs, being specially authorized by the President
of the United States thereto, and the undersigned Chiefs and
Head men, of the Ioway [Iowa] Tribe or Nation, duly authorized
and empowered by the said Nation.
THE Ioway Tribe or Nation of Indians by their deputies, Ma-hos-kah,
(or White Cloud,) and Mah-ne-hah-nah, (or Great Walker,) in
Council assembled, do hereby agree, in consideration of a
certain sum of money, . to be paid to the said Ioway
Tribe, by the government of the United States, as hereinafter
stipulated, to cede and forever, quit claim, and do, in behalf
of their said Tribe, hereby cede, relinquish, and forever
quit claim, unto the United States, all right, title, interest,
and claim, to the lands which the said Ioway Tribe have, or
claim, within the State of Missouri, and situated between
the Mississippi and Missouri rivers and a line running from
the Missouri, at the mouth or entrance of Kanzas river, north
one hundred miles, to the northwest corner of the limits of
the state of Missouri, and, from thence, east to the Mississippi.
It is hereby stipulated and agreed, on the part of the United
States, as a full compensation for the claims and lands ceded
by the Ioway Tribe in the preceding article, there shall be
paid to the said Ioway tribe, within the present year, in
cash or merchandise, the amount of five hundred dollars, and
the United States do further agree to pay to the Ioway Tribe,
five hundred dollars, annually, for the term of ten succeeding
The Chiefs and Head Men who sign this Treaty, for themselves,
and in behalf of their Tribe, do acknowledge that the lands
east and south of the lines described in the first article,
(which has been run and marked by Colonel Sullivan,) so far
as the Indians claimed the same, to belong to the United States,
and that none of their tribe shall be permitted to settle
or hunt upon any part of it, after 1st day of January, one
thousand eight hundred and twenty-six, without special permission
from the Superintendent of Indian Affairs.
The undersigned Chiefs, for themselves, and all parts of
the Ioway tribe, do acknowledge themselves and the said Ioway
Tribe, to be under the protection of the United States of
America, and of no other sovereign whatsoever; and they also
stipulate, that the said Ioway tribe will not hold any treaty
with any foreign powers, individual state, or with individuals
of any state.
The United States engage to provide and support a blacksmith
for the Ioway Tribe, so long as the President of the United
States may think proper, and to furnish the said Tribe with
such farming utensils and cattle, and to employ such persons
to aid them in their agriculture, as the President may deem
The annuities stipulated to be paid by the second article,
to be paid either in money, merchandise, provisions, or domestic
animals, at the option of the aforesaid Tribe; and when the
said annuities, or any part thereof, is paid in merchandise,
it is to be delivered to them at the first cost of the goods
at St. Louis, free from cost of transportation.
This Treaty shall take effect, and be obligatory on the contracting
parties, so soon as the same shall be ratified by the President
of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of
the Senate thereof.
In testimony whereof, the said William Clark, commissioner
as aforesaid, and the chiefs and head men of the Ioway tribe
of Indians, as aforesaid, have hereunto set their hands the
day and year first before written.
- Wm. Clark,
- Ma-hos-kah, (White Cloud,) his x mark,
- Mah-ne-hah-nah, (Great Walker,) his x mark.
- Thos. L. McKenney,
- G. W. Kennerly, Indian agent,
- Law. Taliaferro, Indian agent at St. Peter's,
- A. Baronet Vasques, acting subsistence agent and interpreter,
- Meriwether Lewis Clark,
- John W. Johnson,
- William P. Clark,
- William Radford.
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