Treaty with The Iowa
September 16, 1815
A treaty of peace and friendship, made and concluded at
Portage des Sioux, between William Clark, Ninian Edwards,
and Auguste Chouteau, Commissioners Plenipotentiary of the
United States of America, on the part and behalf of the said
States, of the one part; and the undersigned, King, Chiefs,
and Warriors, of the Iaway [Iowa] Tribe or Nation, on the
part and behalf of the said Tribe or Nation, of the other
The parties being desirous of re-establishing peace and friendship
between the United States and the said tribe or nation, and
of being placed in all things, and in every respect, on the
same footing upon which they stood before the war, have agreed
to the following articles:
Every injury, or act of hostility, by one or either of the
contracting parties against the other shall be mutually forgiven
There shall be perpetual peace and friendship between all
the citizens of the United States and all the individuals
composing the said Iaway tribe or nation.
The contracting parties do hereby agree, promise, and oblige
themselves, reciprocally to deliver up all the prisoners now
in their hands, (by what means soever the same may have come
into their possession,) to the officer commanding at St. Louis,
to be by him restored to their respective nations, as soon
as it may be practicable.
The contracting parties, in the sincerity of mutual friendship,
recognize, re-establish, and confirm, all and every treaty,
contract, and agreement, heretofore concluded between the
United States and the said Iaway tribe or nation.
In witness whereof, the said William Clark, Ninian Edwards,
and Auguste Chouteau, commissioners as aforesaid, and the
aforesaid king, chiefs, and warriors, have hereunto subscribed
their names and affixed their seals, this sixteenth day of
September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred
and fifteen, and of the independence of the United States
- William Clark, [L. S.]
- Ninian Edwards, [L. S.]
- Auguste Chouteau, [L. S.]
- Wyingwaha, or hard heart, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Wongehehronyne, or big chief, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Wonehee, or the slave, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Hahraga, the forked horn, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Eniswahanee, the big axe, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Washcommanee, the great marcher, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Wyimppishcoonee, the ill-humoured man, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Ranoingga, the little pipe, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Wohomppee, the broth, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Shongatong, the horse jockey, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Nahocheininugga, without ears, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Conja, the plumb, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Chahowhrowpa, the dew-lap, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Manuhanu, the great walker, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Chapee, the pine buffaloe, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Ckugwata, the roller, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Ishtagrasa, grey eyes, his x mark, [L. S.]
Done at Portage des Sioux, in the presence of -
- R. Wash, secretary to the commission.
- Dl. Bissel, brigadier-general.
- R. Paul, C. C. T.
- Samuel Brady, lieutenant.
- Geo. Fisher, surgeon, Illinois regiment.
- P. Chouteau, agent.
- Jno. W. Johnson, United States factor and Indian agent.
- Samuel Solomon, interpreter.
- Maurice Blondeaux.
- Louis Dorion.
- Dennis Julien.
- Jas. McCulloch, captain.
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