Treaty with The Chippewa of Sault Ste. Marie
August 2, 1855
Articles of agreement made and concluded at the city of
Detroit, in the State of Michigan, the second day of August,
1855, between George W. Manypenny and Henry C. Gilbert, commissioners
on the part of the United States, and the Chippewa Indians
of Sault Ste. Marie.
The said Chippewa Indians surrender to the United States
the right of fishing at the falls of St. Mary's and of
encampment, convenient to the fishing-ground, secured to them
by the treaty of June 16, 1820.
The United States will appoint a commissioner who shall,
within six months after the ratification of this treaty, personally
visit and examine the said fishery and place of encampment,
and determine the value of the interest of the Indians therein
as the same originally existed. His award shall be reported
to the President, and shall be final and conclusive, and the
amount awarded shall be paid to said Indians, as annuities
are paid, and shall be received by them in full satisfaction
for the right hereby surrendered: Provided, That one-third
of said award shall, if the Indians desire it, be paid to
such of their half-breed relations as they may indicate.
The United States also give to the chief, O-shaw-waw-no,
for his own use, in fee-simple, a small island in the river
St. Mary's, adjacent to the camping-ground hereby surrendered,
being the same island on which he is now encamped, and said
to contain less than half an acre: Provided, That the same
has not been heretofore otherwise appropriated or disposed
of; and in such case, this grant is to be void, and no compensation
is to be claimed by said chief or any of the Indians, parties
hereto, in lieu thereof.
This agreement shall be obligatory and binding on the contracting
parties as soon as the same shall be ratified by the President
and Senate of the United States.
In testimony whereof, the said George W. Manypenny and the
said Henry C. Gilbert, commissioners as aforesaid, and the
undersigned chiefs and headmen of the Chippewa Indians of
Sault. Ste. Marie, have hereto set their hands and seals at
the city of Detroit the day and year first above written.
- Geo. W. Manypenny, [L. S.]
- Henry C. Gilbert, [L. S.]
- Richard M. Smith, Secretary.
- O-shaw-waw-no, chief, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Waw-bo-jieg, chief, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Kay-bay-no-din, chief, his x mark. [L. S.]
- O-maw-no-maw-ne, chief, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Shaw-wan, chief, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Pi-aw-be-daw-sung, chief, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Wa-we-gun, headman, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Pay-ne-gwon, headman, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Taw-meece, headman, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Bwan, headman, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Saw-gaw-jew, headman, his x mark. [L. S.]
- Naw-we-ge-zhick, headman, his x mark. [L. S.]
Executed in the presence of -
- J. Logan Chipman,
- George Smith,
- W. H. Collins,
- Jno. M. Johnston, Interpreters.
- Geo. Johnston, Interpreters.
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