Treaty with The Cherokee
January 7, 1806
A convention between the United States and the Cherokee
nation of Indians, concluded at the city of Washington, on
the seventh day of January, in the year one thousand eight
hundred and six.
ARTICLES of a Convention made between Henry Dearborn, secretary
of war, being specially authorized thereto by the president
of the United States, and the undersigned chiefs and head
men of the Cherokee nation of Indians, duly authorized and
empowered by said nation.
The undersigned chiefs and head men of the Cherokee nation
of Indians, for themselves and in behalf of their nation,
relinquish to the United States all right, title, interest
and claim, which they or their nation have or ever had to
all that tract of country which lies to the northward of the
river Tennessee and westward of a line to be run from the
upper part of the Chickasaw Old Fields, at the upper point
of an island, called Chickasaw island, on said river, to the
most easterly head waters of that branch of said Tennessee
river called Duck river, excepting the two following described
tracts, viz. one tract bounded southerly on the said Tennessee
river, at a place called the Muscle Shoals, westerly by a
creek called Te Kee, ta, no-eh or Cyprus creek, and easterly
by Chu, wa, lee, or Elk river or creek, and northerly by a
line to be drawn from a point on said Elk river ten miles
on a direct line from its mouth or Junction with Tennessee
river, to a point on the said Cyprus Creek, ten miles on a
direct line from its junction with the Tennessee river.
The other tract is to be two miles in width on the north side of Tennessee
river, and to extend northerly from that river three miles, and
bounded as follows, viz. beginning at the mouth of Spring Creek,
and running up said creek three miles on a straight line, thence
westerly two miles at right angles with the general course of said
creek, thence southerly on a line parallel with the general course
of said creek to the Tennessee river, thence up said river by its
waters to the beginning: which first reserved tract is to be considered
the common property of the Cherokees who now live on the same; including
John D. Chesholm, Au, tow, we and Cheh Chuh, and the other reserved
tract on which Moses Melton now lives, is to be considered the property
of said Melton and of Charles Hicks, in equal shares. And the said
chiefs and head men also agree to relinquish to the United States
all right or claim which they or their nation have to what is called
the Long Island in Holston river.
The said Henry Dearborn on the part of the United States
hereby stipulates and agrees that in consideration of the
relinquishment of title by the Cherokees, as stated in the
preceding article, the United States will pay to the Cherokee
nation two thousand dollars in money as soon as this convention
shall be duly ratified by the government of the United States;
and two thousand dollars in each of the four succeeding years,
amounting in the whole to ten thousand dollars; and that a
grist mill shall within one year from the date hereof, be
built in the Cherokee country, for the use of the nation,
at such place as shall be considered most convenient; that
the said Cherokees shall be furnished with a machine for cleaning
cotton; and also, that the old Cherokee chief, called the
Black Fox, shall be paid annually one hundred dollars by the
United States during his life.
It is also agreed on the part of the United States, that
the government thereof will use its influence and best endeavors
to prevail on the Chickasaw nation of Indians to agree to
the following boundary between that nation and the Cherokees
to the southward of the Tennessee river, viz. beginning at
the mouth of Caney Creek near the lower part of the Muscle
Shoals, and to run up said creek to its head, and in a direct
line from thence to the Flat Stone or Rock, the old corner
But it is understood by the contracting parties that the
United States do not engage to have the aforesaid line or
boundary established, but only to endeavor to prevail on the
Chickasaw nation to consent to such a line as the boundary
beween the two nations.
It is further agreed on the part of the United States that
the claims which the Chickasaws may have to the two tracts
reserved by the first article of this convention on the north
side of the Tennessee river, shall be settled by the United
States in such manner as will be equitable, and will secure
to the Cherokees the title to the said reservations.
Done at the place, and on the day and year first above written.
- Henry Dearborn, [L. S.]
- Double Head, his x mark, [L. S.]
- James Vanu, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Tallotiskee, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Chulioa, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Sour Mush, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Turtle at home, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Katihu, his x mark, [L. S.]
- John McLemore, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Broom, his x mark, [L. S.]
- John Jolly, his x mark, [L. S.]
- John Lowry, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Red Bird, his x mark, [L. S.]
- John Walker, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Young Wolf, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Skeuha, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Sequechu, his x mark, [L. S.]
- Wm. Showry, his x mark, [L. S.]
In presence of-
- Return J. Meigs,
- Benjamin Hawkins,
- Daniel Smith,
- John Smith,
- Andrew McClary,
- John McClarey.
I certify the foregoing convention has been faithfully interpreted.
Charles Hicks, Interpreter.
Elucidation of a convention with the Cherokee Nation.
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